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What is Osteoporosis? Know its symptoms

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What is Osteoporosis? Know its symptoms

Osteoporosis is a disease associated with bones. Osteoporosis leads to weakening of bones. In this, the bones become so fragile that fracture can occur only due to falling or mild stress such as bending or coughing. Most fractures due to osteoporosis occur in the hip, wrist, or spinal cord. The bone is a living tissue that constantly breaks and rejoins. When osteoporosis occurs, new bone formation is unable to compensate for the loss of old bone.


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The problem of fast-growing osteoporosis


Osteoporosis problems are usually found in middle age women. However, younger people can also suffer from this problem, as bone density is at its peak by the time you reach the age of about 25, and at the same time, strong bones are formed in the body. Nowadays the problem of osteoporosis has become very common and the probability of this disease increases when the bone mass is reduced. Most women suffer from osteoporosis. At the age of 50, one in two women and one in eight men succumb to osteoporosis.



Osteoporosis affects men and women of all ages. Especially elderly women who have had menopause are at highest risk of the disease. Medications, healthy diets and weight gain exercises can help prevent bone loss and strengthen already weakened bones.


Bones have the ability to repair themselves on their own. New bone is formed and old bone is broken. When you are young, your body makes new bone faster because it breaks the old bone and increases your bone mass. This process slows down after the onset of 20 years, and most people reach their high bone mass by the age of 30.


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When there is a lack of calcium in the body, bone cells start getting affected and the formation of bones stops. This causes bones to become weak, flexible and fragile and can break easily. There are usually no symptoms of bone loss in the beginning. But once your bones are weakened by osteoporosis, you can identify it with these symptoms:


  • Back pain due to fracture
  • Body tilt with increasing age
  • Sloping posture
  • Quick breakdown of bones of the body
  • Osteoporosis in women


Deficiency of estrogen hormones in women and androgen deficiency in men is the main cause of osteoporosis. This disease is common especially in women above 55 years of age. Estrogen levels decrease after menopause in women, which is why the risk of osteoporosis also increases. Apart from this, this disease also occurs due to lack of calcium and vitamin D in the body with aging, non-exercise, and changes in endocrine functions on aging. Apart from this, the disease is caused by thyroid problems, under-utilization of muscles, bone cancer and the use of certain medicines, and lack of calcium in the diet.


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Symptoms of osteoporosis


Initially there is no specific symptom of osteoporosis but later bones and muscles, waist and neck pain are the symptoms of this disease. A person feels a bone fracture even when falling and even sneezing. As the symptoms of this disease start increasing, the disease starts to become more severe and the pain also increases. This pain can also spread to other parts of the body. In addition, fractures in the hips, wrists and spinal cord are the main symptoms of osteoporosis.


  • Benefits of exercise
  • Increases muscle strength
  • Increases body balance
  • Reduces the risk of bone fractures
  • Sitting and sleeping postures are corrected
  • Relieves pain



These exercises can be done in osteoporosis


  • Strength training
  • Aerobics training with weights
  • Flexibility exercises
  • Stability and Balancing Exercise



Do not exercise in osteoporosis



  1. High impact exercise
  2. Bending and twisting
  3. What to eat in osteoporosis
  4. Calcium
  5. Protein
  6. vitamin D
  7. vitamin C
  8. Magnesium
  9. Of vitamins
  10. Zinc
  11. What not to eat in osteoporosis:
  12. High salt food
  13. Alcohol
  14. Beans, Legumes
  15. Vet bryan
  16. High amounts of vitamin A
  17. Caffeine


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Prevention of osteoporosis


In the treatment of osteoporosis, mineral loss is prevented and the density of bones is increased so that the bones do not fracture. Apart from this, pain in bones is also reduced.


About 40 percent of women experience bone fractures due to osteoporosis. The purpose of treating osteoporosis is to prevent these fractures.


In young adults, they are advised to take calcium in their diet to avoid getting osteoporosis disease. A good amount of calcium is found in milk, orange juice and salmon fish.


To avoid osteoporosis, people of all ages should keep their body weight normal by walking, exercising, aerobic and swimming.


Exercise every day can prevent bone fractures caused by osteoporosis.

Studies have found that exercising causes stretch in bones and muscles, which increases bone density and relieves osteoporosis.



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