Sign in

Hyperpigmentation: What Causes It and How Should You Treat It?

Tanya Sharma
Hyperpigmentation: What Causes It and How Should You Treat It?

An imbalance in pigmentation can come in many forms like sun spots, acne scar, brown patches or freckles. It can get annoyingly tricky to get away with it. It can take months to restore the balance. Factors such as sun exposure, hormonal imbalance, or inflammation can often alter the amount of melanin your skin produces. This in turn leads to pigment disorder in certain parts of your face leading to either hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation. Hyperpigmentation such as sun spots or age spots that causes darkening of the skin and hypopigmentation like albinism or vitiligo which causes lightening of the skin. If you’re struggling with these problems, get the best laser treatment for pigmentation in Delhi

Types of Hyperpigmentation 

Age Spots 

They are brown dots that appear on your skin and are caused due to excess sun exposure and aging. The lighter your skin tone, the more prone you are to getting those. 

Acne Scars 

Sometimes after a pimple diminishes, it tends to leave a mark on your skin that may be caused due to overproduction of melanin in one specific spot tending to acne scars. 


Melasma usually leads to brown discoloured patches on the face. These patches are symmetrical and can be caused due to stress, hormones, thyroid diseases or even during pregnancy. 

Hyperpigmentation Fighting Ingredients 


Niacinamide is a form of Vitamin B 3 that has proven to be very effective in treating hyperpigmentation. It is treated by inhibiting the transfer of melanin from the pigment cells to the skin. Niacinamide is one of the softer ingredients for the skin, having a neutralised pH making it non-acidic and non-irritating. It also has photoprotective properties that protects the skin from any form of UV damage. Several results have shown that niacinamide reverses the signs of hyperpigmentation in four weeks. 

Moreover, Niacinamide has no side effects and suits all skin types. It is an all rounder ingredient that is well-tolerated, even by sensitive skin types. However, it’s always safe to start using any ingredient with a patch test first. 


Retinol is one of the ingredients that help in increasing the rate of cell turnover and in turn causes dark spots to fade quicker due to quicker formation of newer cells. They initiate the activity of tyrosinase, an enzyme that revitalises melanin production in the skin. This makes the skin lighter, thicker and less prone to aging. 

In comparison to Niacinamide, Retinol has a milder effect and can take upto 6 months to show any effects. However, continual use has been proven to be highly effective in the longer run.  Retinoids have a better effect on people with darker skin. They are less likely to suffer from any dryness, irritation or redness. Retinol is best advised to apply at night due to its sun sensitive properties which makes the skin more sensitive when exposed to the sun. 

Vitamin C 

An antioxidant like Vitamin C plays a vital role in combating dark spots. It has magnificent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Vitamin C also contains tyrosinase which further prevents melanin production. It does not contain any UV-absorbing tendencies but it exerts UV-protecting effects by neutralising free radicals and reversing any signs of aging. While it is a beneficial ingredient to treat pigmentation, it does not lighten one’s skin colour. Vitamin C is most effective when combined with Vitamin E. Once you incorporate this in your skin care routines, you might see significant improvements in a few months.

Tanya Sharma
Zupyak is the world’s largest content marketing community, with over 400 000 members and 3 million articles. Explore and get your content discovered.
Read more