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Meningitis Treatment Differs Based On The Type And Severity Of The Disease Diagnosed In Patients

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Sharvari Gaikwad
Meningitis Treatment Differs Based On The Type And Severity Of The Disease Diagnosed In Patients

There are several symptoms of meningitis, which vary in severity depending on the age of the affected person. The most common symptoms are fever, reduced appetite, crying, irritability, and seizures. Those with a fever should seek medical attention as soon as possible. Children should also be screened if they have a sudden increase in irritability and crying. Vaccines for meningitis are available, however, many people still do not get them.


The symptoms of meningitis usually start in the respiratory tract and include a common cold or sinus infection. Once in the bloodstream, the infection can spread to the brain and spinal cord. The only way to diagnose meningitis is to perform a lumbar puncture, a procedure in which a needle is inserted into the lower back. This spinal tap is a test to determine the condition of the spinal fluid. Some patients are vaccinated against bacterial meningitis, and there are also several vaccines available to protect against viral or fungal meningitis. The doctor examines the patient and check patient’s temperature and blood pressure. Depending on the severity of the illness, the patient may decide to perform additional tests and administer antibiotics. If the cause is unknown, a CT scan is performed to examine the brain. A blood sample is drawn to check red blood cells and white blood cells. A chest X-ray may be done to look for signs of pneumonia or fluid in the lungs.


Bacterial meningitis is the most dangerous type of meningitis and can be fatal if not treated quickly. It can occur within 24 hours of infection and can cause headaches, confusion, and drowsiness. In some cases, people may experience seizures or swollen heads. While most cases of meningitis will go away on their own within a week, some patients may require hospital treatment. The best way to treat meningitis is to begin the treatment as soon as possible. In most cases, antibiotics are required, however, there are several other options.


A diagnosis of meningitis is based on the cause of the illness and the meningitis treatment depends on the type of the disease. If bacterial meningitis is the cause, antibiotics will be used to treat the infection. The healthcare provider may begin the treatment before the test results are available. Along with the antibiotics, the doctor will prescribe a corticosteroid to reduce inflammation and reduce the risk of infection. Some antibiotics are more effective than others, so it is important to follow the healthcare provider's instructions.


A biopsy is also necessary to confirm the type of meningitis one has. A biopsy of the cerebrospinal fluid is used to determine the type of infection. The test can help differentiate between viral and bacterial forms. The number of white blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid is higher in cases of bacterial meningitis. The types of white blood cells that are present are different between the two types. A culture of the fluid will reveal whether the bacteria present in the body are a fungus or a bacterium. Oral antibiotics are used in bacterial meningitis treatment while a steroid is used for the viral meningitis treatment. Moreover, some people develop seizures during the course of the illness. These complications are typically temporary. Once the infection has been detected, the doctor will determine the proper treatment.


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Sharvari Gaikwad
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