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What are the types of firearms?

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Jim Jammer

It's no secret that firearms come in many different types and types.  They also differ in their characteristics.  We will talk about this in more detail today.


 The best way to understand how weapons work is to learn as much as possible about defense gear.


 Let's move on to the characteristics.

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 To size


  Short weapons: those that can be fired with one hand, holding the weapon with one hand is due to the low weight of the weapon, as well as its dimensions and dimensions.


  Long weapon: due to its design, it is convenient to support it with the shoulder and use both hands during the execution of the shot.  It has a longer stem.


 By caliber


  Large caliber: bore diameter over 75 mm (guns, howitzers).

  Medium caliber: bore diameter from 20 to 75 mm (grenade launcher, 40 mm, 37 mm, 38 mm).

  Small caliber: bore diameter less than 20 mm: 11 mm (0.45″), 9 mm (0.38″), etc.


 By manufacturing


  From the factory: industrial production, undergo tests and quality control, give weapons certification and safety in operation.


  Handmade: They are handcrafted with a minimum degree of knowledge, or replicate the mechanisms and structure of firearms, with no guarantee of their use and safety.


  There are authors who consider other criteria for classifying firearms, depending on their purpose, loading system, action, percussion system, use, size, bore, etc.


   The evolution of firearms


  Before explaining the origin of firearms, we should turn to gunpowder, since the participation of this explosive mixture is essential when firing firearms.


  There is no clarity as to the true origin of gunpowder, some claim it was discovered by accident in China and started being used for fireworks, however over the years firearms have been developed that use black powder to fire.


  Firearms today use smokeless powder or cordite.  Here is a historical overview of the evolution of firearms:


  •   1364: This year saw the first mention of the use of weapons.
  •   1380: Creation of hand weapons that became famous throughout Europe.
  •   1400: Creation of matchlock weapons.
  •   1498: The principle of rifling is discovered.
  •   1540: Refling appears in firearms.
  •   1630: First true flintlock.
  •   1637: First use of anti-mark firearms.
  •   1750-1850: Dueling pistols came into fashion.
  •   1807: Patented shock detonation principle.
  •   1825: Percussion pistols became widespread.
  •   1835: Colt's first revolver (industrial production).
  •   1859: First rim cartouche completed.
  •   1861: Loaded with weapons of general use.
  •   1862: Gatling gun invented.
  •   1877: First effective double action revolver.
  •   1892: Introduction of automatic pistols.
  •   1892: Introduction of automatic pistols.
  •   1900: Now, in our day, weapons have been developed thanks to new technologies that are superior to firearms, pistols, lasers, magnetic booster cannon, beam (sonic) weapons, and so on.



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Jim Jammer
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