However, the study finds the controversial technology has not, as proponents have claimed, increased the rate of crop yields and has resulted in insect and weed resistance that has become a major agricultural problem.
There are people who are saying that without genetically engineered crops, we re never going to be able to feed the world in 2050 and there are people who say that eating a genetically engineered crop will cause sterility or will cause cancer, he said.
He also expressed U.S. Department of Agriculture s willingness to work with Congress to prevent further confusion and develop a nationwide system for informing the public about what s in their food products, without increasing costs or giving a false impression about safety.
The report concludes that while GE crops have generally had favorable economic outcomes for producers, they ve also resulted in weeds evolving a resistance to herbicides, including glyphosate, a commonly used herbicide which the World Health Organization found likely causes cancer in humans.
The report quickly drew criticism from anti-GMO groups, including Food & Water Watch, which USA Today reports accused the committee of arriving at watered-down scientific conclusions due to agricultural industry influence.
Jim Thomas, a spokesman for ETC Group, told The Washington Post that the report is inconsistent on the crucially important question of whether or not to regulate the new techniques such as genome editing and synthetic biology.