News: CBR looks at the meanings of this broadly used term.
The term 'hacking' is used very broadly, but in general is used to refer to seeking and exploiting weaknesses to networks and databases.
There are many types of hacking, including cyber crime, ethical hacking, hacktivism, and state-sponsored hacking.
For example, the much-publicised Ashley Madison attack was carried out by the Impact Team, who claimed moral motives.
They released a limited amount of data shortly after the hack was made public, threatening to release all of the data if the site was not shut down.
There is some controversy around the usage of the term hacking, since many people in the IT industry use the term 'hacker' to refer simply to somebody with a good knowledge of computer systems.