Enzymatic methods of cell lysis involve using enzymes to break open the cells. One of the most common methods is lysozyme lysis, which involves using the enzyme lysozyme to break down the cell wall of bacteria. Enzymatic methods are generally gentle and do not cause damage to the target molecule, but they can be slower and less efficient than mechanical methods. Chemical methods of cell lysis involve using chemicals to break open the cells. One of the most common methods is detergent lysis, which involves using a detergent to break open the cell membrane.
Another chemical method is osmotic shock, which involves exposing the cells to a high concentration of salt or sugar to cause the cells to burst. Chemical methods are generally gentle and do not cause damage to the target molecule, but they can be slower and less efficient than mechanical methods. Cell Lysis is also used in gene expression analysis. Gene expression refers to the process by which genetic information is used to create proteins. By analyzing gene expression, scientists can gain insights into the mechanisms that control cellular processes. Cell lysis is used to extract RNA from cells, which can then be analyzed using various techniques such as reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and microarray analysis.
Cell lysis is also used in drug discovery. Many drugs are designed to target specific cellular processes, and cell lysis is used to study the effects of these drugs on cells. By breaking open cells and analyzing the intracellular components, scientists can determine how drugs affect various cellular processes. This information can then be used to design more effective drugs.
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