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5 Benefits of Retinal Exams for Diabetics You Should Know

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Eyes On Brickell

Diabetes is one of the most common chronic conditions that affects millions of people across the world. Did you know almost 422 million people have diabetes worldwide - according to WHO? Diabetes can affect blood sugar levels initially, but it can start causing other complications with progress. Eye problems are a common consequence of diabetes. However, diabetic retinopathy can be a considerable concern. This is where you need to undergo retinal exams for diabetics.


The exams can help you detect, monitor, and manage the condition. Let us become familiar with some other benefits of retinal exams for diabetics here:


· Early detection of diabetic retinopathy.

· Prevention of vision loss and blindness.

· Monitoring of diabetes management effectiveness.

· Customized treatment plans.

· Improved overall eye health.


WHAT HAPPENS DURING A RETINAL EYE EXAM?

During Retinal Exams for Diabetics, the optometrist or ophthalmologist will perform a series of tests and procedures to thoroughly evaluate the health and condition of your retina. Here is an overview of what typically happens during this eye exam:


  • Patient History: A feeling of dryness in the eyes is the most common symptom of Dry Eye Disease. It may feel like there is something in your eye or that your eye is rough or scratchy.
  • Visual Acuity Test: This test measures the sharpness and clarity of your vision using an eye chart. You will be asked to read letters or symbols of different sizes from a specific distance.
  • Pupil Dilation: To obtain a better view of the retina, the eye care professional may administer eye drops that cause your pupils to dilate (widen). Dilation allows more light to enter the eye and enables a more thorough examination of the retina’s structures.
  • Slit-Lamp Examination: Using a specialized microscope called a slit lamp, the doctor will examine the front structures of your eye, including the cornea, iris, and lens. This evaluation helps assess the overall health of your eye and rule out any abnormalities that may affect the retina.
  • Ophthalmoscopy: The optometrist or ophthalmologist will use an ophthalmoscope, a handheld instrument with a light source and magnifying lenses, to examine the interior structures of your eye. They will carefully examine the retina, optic nerve, blood vessels, and macula for signs of disease, damage, or abnormalities.
  • Retinal Imaging: Advanced imaging technologies, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) or fundus photography, may be used to capture detailed images of the retina. These images provide a cross-sectional view of the retina, allowing for a more in-depth analysis and detection of any abnormalities.
  • Additional Tests: Depending on your specific needs and the findings of the initial examination, additional tests may be conducted. These may include fluorescein angiography, which involves injecting a dye into your arm to evaluate blood flow in the retina, or visual field testing to assess your peripheral vision.

Throughout the exam, the eye care professional will explain the procedures, answer any questions you may have, and provide insights into the health of your retina.


Eyes on Brickell is a leading eye clinic in Miami that provides comprehensive eye exams for various conditions. If you also want to undergo retinal exams for diabetics, you can refer to their website to schedule your appointment.

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