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Understanding Laser Eye Surgery: It's Procedure

Understanding Laser Eye Surgery: It's Procedure


Laser eye surgery – the world known moniker for refractive surgery – is preferred method of correcting numerous visual problems such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. In this article you will find a detailed explanation on the process which includes how it is carried out, the different kinds of laser eye surgery, pre, during and post-operative care as well as the possible risks and benefits of the operation.

How Laser Eye Surgery Works:

Laser eye surgery normally will reform cornea (the clear front part of the eye) in order to cope with how light rays are focused at the retina which lays at the back of the eye. With this change in shape, the cornea becomes the vessel for the laser eye surgery by which the refractive errors are corrected and the glasses or contact lenses are redundant or not required.

Types of Laser Eye Surgery:

There are several types of laser eye surgery, including:

LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis): LASIK is the laser in eyesight surgery which is most commonly occurred. The procedure includes corneal flap creation and the utilization of the laser to correct the shape of the deep corneal tissue. Next, the lid bifurcation will be repositioned and the eye will start healing by itself. The eye doctors at Anil Eye Hospital would like to offer you a best lasik eye surgery to transform your vision.

PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy): Corneal Reshaping too is similar to LASIK by its principle of action but does not entail the creation of a corneal flap. Therefore, in conduction of the treatment, the outer layer of the cornea will be removed as opposed to the laser treatment. PRK has been found to be ideal for the majority of thin corneal patients, and when the other surroundings of the patients are unsuitable for LASIK, this procedure is often recommended.

SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction): SMILE which employs a laser to remove a tiny disc shaped tissue located in the center of the cornea, is a state-of-the-art technique that involves making a tiny cut on the cornea. SMILE offers a more intact surface of the cornea and an even recovery after the surgery.

Before the Surgery:

Before you are sent to laser eye surgery, your optometrist must conduct a complete eye exam to decide whether your eyes are ideal for that type of operation. This involves finding out your corneal thickness, the size of your pupil and the refractive error and measuring it using advanced technologies. As well as that, some other instructions you may be given to stop using the contact lenses for some time before surgery.

During the Surgery:

For the laser eye surgery procedure, you will be given drops to the eyes to numb up to ensure that you are not in any discomfort during the process. The surgeon will utilize a laser to produce a thin flap onto cornea (LASIK) or removing the outer cornea layer (PRK). The beam of laser will now be employed to tamper with the underlying rook of the cronie to correct your vision. The whole process usually takes well less than 30 min for every eye.

After the Surgery:

Following the procedure, pain, dryness, or short-sightedness may be noticeable which will differently, be cleared within a week. Make arrangements, before surgery, for someone to drive you there and home, and for you to be out of work for a couple of days, so you can relax and recuperate. Your eye doctor is going to lay down definite guidelines specific to your case for how to take care of your eyes after the healing process. After and before the surgery, get proper consultation from best eye specialist doctor - Anil Eye Hospital.

Risks and Benefits:

Like any surgical procedure, laser eye surgery carries some risks, including:

  • Dry eyes
  • Oversaturated colours – glare or halos around lights.
  • The surgical failure of astronauts to rectify eyesight may have resulted in under correction or over correction.
  • Infection
  • But for many people, a case in point, the benefits of refractive surgery dominate the risks. These benefits can include:

  • The case will increase because you will not only have to wear fewer lenses or no eyeglasses at all.
  • Improved vision quality
  • Easy of use and the absence of trying on a glasses or contacts.


Laser surgery is associated with very low risks of complications, including cataracts, retinal detachment, and corneal damage. Correction of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism is also possible, which leads to the almost full or full reduction of need for wearing glasses or contact lenses. Through understanding the process, the pre-surgery care, your experiences during the surgery, and the attention paid of the risks and benefits, you can make asserted judgments on whether or not laser eye surgery is the right decision for yourself. For better vision and care, get in touch and consult with best eye specialist in thane.

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