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How to Get an Italian Passport by Descent: A Complete Guide


Acquiring an Italian passport by descent involves claiming Italian citizenship based on direct lineage to an Italian ancestor. This process, known as jure sanguinis, grants individuals the right to obtain an Italian passport regardless of where they were born. To qualify, applicants must prove their direct bloodline connection to an Italian citizen, meeting specific eligibility criteria set forth by Italian law.

Understanding Italian Citizenship by Descent

Italian citizenship by descent, also known as "jure sanguinis," is the right to claim citizenship based on one's familial ties to Italy. This means that if you can prove your direct descent from an Italian citizen, you may be eligible to obtain Italian citizenship, regardless of where you were born.

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for Italian citizenship by descent, you must meet certain criteria:

  • You must be able to prove a direct bloodline connection to an Italian ancestor.
  • The ancestor through whom you claim citizenship must not have renounced their Italian citizenship before the birth of the next generation.
  • There are no restrictions based on the number of generations that have passed since your Italian ancestor.

Gather Necessary Documents

Before starting the application process, it's essential to gather all the required documents. These typically include:

  • Birth, marriage, and death certificates for each generation in your direct line of descent.
  • Naturalization records, if applicable.
  • Proof of your relationship to your Italian ancestor (e.g., birth certificates, marriage certificates).
  • Any additional documents required by the Italian consulate in your jurisdiction.

Application Process

The application process for obtaining Italian citizenship by descent involves several steps:

Research: Begin by researching the specific requirements and procedures of the Italian consulate that has jurisdiction over your area.

Document Preparation: Gather all the necessary documents and ensure they meet the consulate's requirements. Translate any documents not in Italian or English.

Submit Application: Complete the citizenship application form and submit it along with your supporting documents to the Italian consulate.

Wait for Processing: The processing time for Italian citizenship applications can vary, so be prepared for some waiting.

Receive Decision: Once your application has been reviewed, you will receive a decision on whether your citizenship application has been approved.


Obtaining Italian citizenship by descent can be a complex process, but with the right preparation and guidance, it is achievable. By understanding the eligibility criteria, gathering the necessary documents, and following the application process diligently, you can fulfill your dream of obtaining an Italian passport and reconnecting with your Italian heritage. Take the first step today and embark on this rewarding journey towards claiming your Italian citizenship. Buona fortuna!

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