Biofilms are generally seen as a problem to be eradicated due to the hazards they pose for humans and materials.
In the past, this was only possible to a limited extent.
Whether it is wood, bone, mother of pearl, or teeth -- over millions of years, these materials have been optimized via evolution according to the principle of adapted stability with the lowest possible weight.
Examples include airplane wings, zippers, and surface sealants using a lotus effect.
"In nature, we find many materials with properties that artificial materials are unable to replicate in the exact same fashion," said Professor Cordt Zollfrank, who performs research on basic principles for the development of new materials together with his team at the Chair of Biogenic Polymers at the TUM Campus Straubing for Biotechnology and Sustainability.
Biggest Problems at the Smallest Level