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Jeffrey Baldwin 2021-01-19
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Scientists from the Joint Institute for High Temperatures Russian Academy of Sciences (JIHT RAS) and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have experimentally confirmed the presence of an intermediate phase between the crystalline and liquid states in a monolayer dusty plasma system.
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0
Thomas Park 2019-04-04
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ICPC is the oldest and most prestigious competitive programming event worldwide.

The announcement was made at the Alfândega Congress Center in Porto, Portugal, where this year's ICPC finals end April 5.

ICPC Executive Director Bill Poucher, who is also a professor at Baylor University and a member of the Association for Computing Machinery, congratulated Moscow on being selected: "We are here at ICPC 2019 Porto meeting the MIPT delegation planning ICPC 2020 Moscow for June 2020.

We will bring together the most gifted students of computing who have the capability of inventing software solutions to the problems of tomorrow.

I look forward to having the greatest World Finals in ICPC history in Moscow when I have the opportunity to welcome everyone by saying in Russian 'Dobro pozhalovat!'"

Moscow has never been the venue of ICPC, though the competition was previously held in St. Petersburg in 2013 and in Yekaterinburg the following year.

collect
0
Walter Winkel 2017-12-21
img

From Jan. 29 until Feb. 4, 50 participants that pass the test will have a chance to apply their knowledge to improve machine translation technology.

The deadline for the qualification round is Jan. 8.

To participate, sign up on the event's website.

DeepHack.Babel is the fifth in a series of DeepHack events organized by MIPT's Neural Networks and Deep Learning Lab.

This year, the hackathon will focus on machine translation, with a special emphasis on neural machine translation (NMT) -- a method that is gaining popularity among researchers and has already found commercial application.

Contrary to the conventional statistical approach, NMT is based on artificial neural networks, which helps to achieve higher-quality translation.

collect
0
Jesse Rodriguez 2020-09-08
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Physicists have demonstrated new methods for controlling spin waves in nanostructured bismuth iron garnet films via short laser pulses. The solution has potential for applications in energy-efficient information transfer and spin-based quantum computing.
collect
0
William Jones 2020-10-05
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Biotechnologists from MIPT have developed a method for extracting the active constituents from the fat of black soldier fly larvae. These compounds possess unique antimicrobial properties and can destroy bacteria that cause farm crop diseases and are resistant to antibiotics.
collect
0
William Gonzales 2018-09-10
img

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have developed a model for predicting hand movement trajectories based on cortical activity: Signals are measured directly from a human brain.

This offloads the processor, since it requires less memory and fewer computations in comparison with neural networks.

By simplifying the model without degrading the predictions, it becomes possible to respond to the changing brain signals.

This technology could drive exoskeletons that would allow patients with impaired mobility to regain movement.

The paper was published in Expert Systems with Applications, the leading journal in the field of artificial intelligence.

To restore motion, brain cortex signals are measured, decoded, and transmitted to an exoskeleton.

collect
0
Samuel Norton 2021-02-03
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Scientists from MIPT, Moscow Pedagogical State University and the University of Manchester have created a highly sensitive terahertz detector based on the effect of quantum-mechanical tunneling in graphene. The sensitivity of the device is already superior to commercially available analogs based on semiconductors and superconductors, which opens up prospects for applications of the graphene detector in wireless communications, security systems, radio astronomy, and medical diagnostics.
collect
0
Charles Janow 2020-09-16
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Researchers cleared the obstacle that had prevented the creation of electrically driven nanolasers for integrated circuits. The approach enables coherent light source design on the scale not only hundreds of times smaller than the thickness of a human hair but even smaller than the wavelength of light emitted by the laser. This lays the foundation for ultrafast optical data transfer in the manycore microprocessors expected to emerge in the near future.
collect
0
Edward Hickey 2018-08-29
img

This international event is part of the conference series Virtual Human -- Imaging Across Scales.

The program of the conference features over 40 lectures by researchers from Russia, the U.S., Germany, France, China, Japan, and elsewhere, as well as a poster session.

The proceedings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Biomembranes, which separate the internal contents of the cell from the environment, are mostly composed of lipids and membrane proteins.

Dysfunctions of membrane proteins often lead to severe diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, diabetes, cancer, and heart attack, among many others.

Despite membrane proteins accounting for only a third of the proteins encoded in the human genome, they are the target of about 60-70 percent of currently used drugs, making them crucial for pharmacology and medicine.

collect
0
David Sandoval 2021-06-21
(National University of Science and Technology MISIS) A team of scientists from NUST MISIS and MIPT have developed and tested a new platform for realization of the ultra-strong photon-to-magnon coupling. The proposed system is on-chip and is based on thin-film hetero-structures with superconducting, ferromagnetic and insulating layers. This discovery solves a problem that has been on the agenda of research teams from different countries for the last 10 years, and opens new opportunities in implementing quantum technologies.
collect
0
Robert Flenard 2019-03-06
img

A new approach for the prevention of thrombosis was proposed by researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the Russian National Research Center for Hematology (NRCH).

In modern clinical practice, thrombolysis is performed when thrombi formed in blood vessels pose a threat to a patient's life.

Thrombolytic procedures themselves are associated with a high risk, as they can cause acute bleeding.

Sometimes the necessity of thrombolysis appears urgently, for example in myocardial infarction and stroke.

In these cases, onset-to-treatment time is a key limitation of thrombolytic therapy efficiency.

Therefore, the implementation of a technique for early diagnostics and monitoring of thrombus formation is a matter of great interest.

collect
0
Dana Millard 2019-02-06
img

Nanolasers have recently emerged as a new class of light sources that have a size of only a few millionths of a meter and unique properties remarkably different from those of macroscopic lasers.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology developed a method that allows to find under what circumstances nanolasers qualify as true lasers.

Lasers are widely used in household appliances, medicine, industry, telecommunications, and more.

Several years ago, lasers of a new kind were created, called nanolasers.

The difference is that the cavities of nanolasers are exceedingly small, on the order of the wavelength of the light emitted by these light sources.

Researchers are already developing chemical and biological sensors, mere millionths of a meter large, and mechanical stress sensors as tiny as several billionths of a meter.

collect
0
Carlos Edelstein 2018-06-14
img

Biophysicists have developed a method for modifying the surface of micro- and nanoparticles -- tiny structures measuring between a thousandth and a millionth of a millimeter --by covering them with biological molecules.

The paper was published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Its authors are researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IBCh RAS), National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Sechenov University, and Macquarie University (Australia).

Magic bullet: Seek and cure

The concept of a "magic bullet" was originally formulated around 1900 by Paul Ehrlich, the winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine.

When therapy and diagnostics are combined, this is known as theranostics.

collect
0
James Hammond 2018-06-19
img

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Tohoku University (Japan) have explained the puzzling phenomenon of particle-antiparticle annihilation in graphene, recognized by specialists as Auger recombination.

Although persistently observed in experiments, it was for a long time thought to be prohibited by the fundamental physical laws of energy and momentum conservation.

This particle, called the positron, was soon discovered experimentally.

Several years later, scientists realized that the charge carriers in semiconductors -- silicon, germanium, gallium arsenide, etc.

Electron-hole recombination accompanied by the emission of light provides the operating principle of semiconductor lasers, which are devices crucial for optoelectronics.

The liberated energy is often lost to thermal vibrations of the neighboring atoms or picked up by other electrons (figure 1).

collect
0
Kyle Greathouse 2019-05-08
img

Weyl semimetals are a recently discovered class of materials, in which charge carriers behave the way electrons and positrons do in particle accelerators.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Ioffe Institute in St. Petersburg have shown that these materials represent perfect gain media for lasers.

The 21st-century physics is marked by the search for phenomena from the world of fundamental particles in tabletop materials.

In some crystals, electrons move as high-energy particles in accelerators.

MIPT physicists have turned this search inside-out, proving that reactions forbidden for elementary particles can also be forbidden in the crystalline materials known as Weyl semimetals.

In a semiconductor laser, radiation results from the mutual annihilation of electrons and the positive charge carriers called holes.

collect
0
Christopher Hardy 2019-05-15
img

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and their colleagues from Germany and the Netherlands have achieved material magnetization switching on the shortest timescales, at a minimal energy cost.

They have thus developed a prototype of energy-efficient data storage devices.

The paper was published in the journal Nature.

Maintaining data centers consumes over 3% of the power generated worldwide, and this figure is growing.

While writing and reading information is a bottleneck for IT development, the fundamental laws of nature actually do not prohibit the existence of fast and energy-efficient data storage.

The most reliable way of storing data is to encode it as binary zeros and ones, which correspond to the orientations of the microscopic magnets, known as spins, in magnetic materials.

collect
0
Jeffrey Baldwin 2021-01-19
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Scientists from the Joint Institute for High Temperatures Russian Academy of Sciences (JIHT RAS) and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have experimentally confirmed the presence of an intermediate phase between the crystalline and liquid states in a monolayer dusty plasma system.
Walter Winkel 2017-12-21
img

From Jan. 29 until Feb. 4, 50 participants that pass the test will have a chance to apply their knowledge to improve machine translation technology.

The deadline for the qualification round is Jan. 8.

To participate, sign up on the event's website.

DeepHack.Babel is the fifth in a series of DeepHack events organized by MIPT's Neural Networks and Deep Learning Lab.

This year, the hackathon will focus on machine translation, with a special emphasis on neural machine translation (NMT) -- a method that is gaining popularity among researchers and has already found commercial application.

Contrary to the conventional statistical approach, NMT is based on artificial neural networks, which helps to achieve higher-quality translation.

William Jones 2020-10-05
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Biotechnologists from MIPT have developed a method for extracting the active constituents from the fat of black soldier fly larvae. These compounds possess unique antimicrobial properties and can destroy bacteria that cause farm crop diseases and are resistant to antibiotics.
Samuel Norton 2021-02-03
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Scientists from MIPT, Moscow Pedagogical State University and the University of Manchester have created a highly sensitive terahertz detector based on the effect of quantum-mechanical tunneling in graphene. The sensitivity of the device is already superior to commercially available analogs based on semiconductors and superconductors, which opens up prospects for applications of the graphene detector in wireless communications, security systems, radio astronomy, and medical diagnostics.
Edward Hickey 2018-08-29
img

This international event is part of the conference series Virtual Human -- Imaging Across Scales.

The program of the conference features over 40 lectures by researchers from Russia, the U.S., Germany, France, China, Japan, and elsewhere, as well as a poster session.

The proceedings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Biomembranes, which separate the internal contents of the cell from the environment, are mostly composed of lipids and membrane proteins.

Dysfunctions of membrane proteins often lead to severe diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, diabetes, cancer, and heart attack, among many others.

Despite membrane proteins accounting for only a third of the proteins encoded in the human genome, they are the target of about 60-70 percent of currently used drugs, making them crucial for pharmacology and medicine.

Robert Flenard 2019-03-06
img

A new approach for the prevention of thrombosis was proposed by researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the Russian National Research Center for Hematology (NRCH).

In modern clinical practice, thrombolysis is performed when thrombi formed in blood vessels pose a threat to a patient's life.

Thrombolytic procedures themselves are associated with a high risk, as they can cause acute bleeding.

Sometimes the necessity of thrombolysis appears urgently, for example in myocardial infarction and stroke.

In these cases, onset-to-treatment time is a key limitation of thrombolytic therapy efficiency.

Therefore, the implementation of a technique for early diagnostics and monitoring of thrombus formation is a matter of great interest.

Carlos Edelstein 2018-06-14
img

Biophysicists have developed a method for modifying the surface of micro- and nanoparticles -- tiny structures measuring between a thousandth and a millionth of a millimeter --by covering them with biological molecules.

The paper was published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Its authors are researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IBCh RAS), National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Sechenov University, and Macquarie University (Australia).

Magic bullet: Seek and cure

The concept of a "magic bullet" was originally formulated around 1900 by Paul Ehrlich, the winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine.

When therapy and diagnostics are combined, this is known as theranostics.

Kyle Greathouse 2019-05-08
img

Weyl semimetals are a recently discovered class of materials, in which charge carriers behave the way electrons and positrons do in particle accelerators.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Ioffe Institute in St. Petersburg have shown that these materials represent perfect gain media for lasers.

The 21st-century physics is marked by the search for phenomena from the world of fundamental particles in tabletop materials.

In some crystals, electrons move as high-energy particles in accelerators.

MIPT physicists have turned this search inside-out, proving that reactions forbidden for elementary particles can also be forbidden in the crystalline materials known as Weyl semimetals.

In a semiconductor laser, radiation results from the mutual annihilation of electrons and the positive charge carriers called holes.

Thomas Park 2019-04-04
img

ICPC is the oldest and most prestigious competitive programming event worldwide.

The announcement was made at the Alfândega Congress Center in Porto, Portugal, where this year's ICPC finals end April 5.

ICPC Executive Director Bill Poucher, who is also a professor at Baylor University and a member of the Association for Computing Machinery, congratulated Moscow on being selected: "We are here at ICPC 2019 Porto meeting the MIPT delegation planning ICPC 2020 Moscow for June 2020.

We will bring together the most gifted students of computing who have the capability of inventing software solutions to the problems of tomorrow.

I look forward to having the greatest World Finals in ICPC history in Moscow when I have the opportunity to welcome everyone by saying in Russian 'Dobro pozhalovat!'"

Moscow has never been the venue of ICPC, though the competition was previously held in St. Petersburg in 2013 and in Yekaterinburg the following year.

Jesse Rodriguez 2020-09-08
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Physicists have demonstrated new methods for controlling spin waves in nanostructured bismuth iron garnet films via short laser pulses. The solution has potential for applications in energy-efficient information transfer and spin-based quantum computing.
William Gonzales 2018-09-10
img

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have developed a model for predicting hand movement trajectories based on cortical activity: Signals are measured directly from a human brain.

This offloads the processor, since it requires less memory and fewer computations in comparison with neural networks.

By simplifying the model without degrading the predictions, it becomes possible to respond to the changing brain signals.

This technology could drive exoskeletons that would allow patients with impaired mobility to regain movement.

The paper was published in Expert Systems with Applications, the leading journal in the field of artificial intelligence.

To restore motion, brain cortex signals are measured, decoded, and transmitted to an exoskeleton.

Charles Janow 2020-09-16
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Researchers cleared the obstacle that had prevented the creation of electrically driven nanolasers for integrated circuits. The approach enables coherent light source design on the scale not only hundreds of times smaller than the thickness of a human hair but even smaller than the wavelength of light emitted by the laser. This lays the foundation for ultrafast optical data transfer in the manycore microprocessors expected to emerge in the near future.
David Sandoval 2021-06-21
(National University of Science and Technology MISIS) A team of scientists from NUST MISIS and MIPT have developed and tested a new platform for realization of the ultra-strong photon-to-magnon coupling. The proposed system is on-chip and is based on thin-film hetero-structures with superconducting, ferromagnetic and insulating layers. This discovery solves a problem that has been on the agenda of research teams from different countries for the last 10 years, and opens new opportunities in implementing quantum technologies.
Dana Millard 2019-02-06
img

Nanolasers have recently emerged as a new class of light sources that have a size of only a few millionths of a meter and unique properties remarkably different from those of macroscopic lasers.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology developed a method that allows to find under what circumstances nanolasers qualify as true lasers.

Lasers are widely used in household appliances, medicine, industry, telecommunications, and more.

Several years ago, lasers of a new kind were created, called nanolasers.

The difference is that the cavities of nanolasers are exceedingly small, on the order of the wavelength of the light emitted by these light sources.

Researchers are already developing chemical and biological sensors, mere millionths of a meter large, and mechanical stress sensors as tiny as several billionths of a meter.

James Hammond 2018-06-19
img

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Tohoku University (Japan) have explained the puzzling phenomenon of particle-antiparticle annihilation in graphene, recognized by specialists as Auger recombination.

Although persistently observed in experiments, it was for a long time thought to be prohibited by the fundamental physical laws of energy and momentum conservation.

This particle, called the positron, was soon discovered experimentally.

Several years later, scientists realized that the charge carriers in semiconductors -- silicon, germanium, gallium arsenide, etc.

Electron-hole recombination accompanied by the emission of light provides the operating principle of semiconductor lasers, which are devices crucial for optoelectronics.

The liberated energy is often lost to thermal vibrations of the neighboring atoms or picked up by other electrons (figure 1).

Christopher Hardy 2019-05-15
img

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and their colleagues from Germany and the Netherlands have achieved material magnetization switching on the shortest timescales, at a minimal energy cost.

They have thus developed a prototype of energy-efficient data storage devices.

The paper was published in the journal Nature.

Maintaining data centers consumes over 3% of the power generated worldwide, and this figure is growing.

While writing and reading information is a bottleneck for IT development, the fundamental laws of nature actually do not prohibit the existence of fast and energy-efficient data storage.

The most reliable way of storing data is to encode it as binary zeros and ones, which correspond to the orientations of the microscopic magnets, known as spins, in magnetic materials.