logo
logo
twitter facebook facebook
Warren Edwards
twitter facebook facebook
Followers 69 Following 51
Warren Edwards 2021-07-03
Brooks said he was just doing his job when he told protesters to "start taking down names and kicking ass" before rioting began at the Capitol.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-05-12
(The University of Montana) Meradeth Snow, a University of Montana researcher and co-chair of UM's Department of Anthropology, was part of an international team that used human "paleofeces" to discover that ancient people had far different microorganisms living in their guts than we do in modern times.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-01-28
Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge

In the wake of Robinhood’s surprise trading block, a new class of Reddit investors are looking for apps that will let them plow their money into their favorite stocks. On Thursday morning, Robinhood announced that it would temporarily block investors from purchasing or trading companies including GameStop, AMC, BlackBerry, Bed Bath & Beyond, and Nokia, all of which have been the subject of unexpected rallies over the past few days. But for the online communities that fueled those rallies, the block is being treated as an outright betrayal.

Discussion about switching ramped up on Twitter and in investment discords after Robinhood halted buying and trading on stock, citing “recent volatility” in the market with the aforementioned stock as...

Continue reading…

collect
0
Warren Edwards 2020-08-24
img

We’re here to guide you through the coronavirus pandemic. Sign up to the Life newsletter for daily tips, advice, how-tos and escapism.

Is it safe to send my kids back to school? It’s a question parents up and down the country have been asking for the past few months. Come September, all children are expected to go back – both primary and secondary.

It’s now widely agreed children have a much milder experience of the virus than adults. A new study, lead by Public Health England (PHE), suggests kids in England made up just 1% of Covid-19 cases during the first wave of the pandemic, which prompted UK academics to say going back to school in September is a viable, low-risk option. 

For the study, researchers compared disease trends in adults and children in England between January and May 2020, and also looked at Covid-19 test result data for this period. Between 16 January and 3 May, 540,305 people, including 35,200 children under the age of 16, were tested for the virus.

Around one in four (24%) of those tested had the virus. Children accounted for 1,408 of the positive results – 1% of the total. This compares with around 19-35% of adults. The highest number of tests and positive results were among infants (particularly those under three months old), and among one-year-olds. 

These figures are in line with those reported for children in other countries, say the researchers. 

What we know about children spreading the virus

Previous studies have shown 1-5% of diagnosed Covid-19 cases occur in children. However, cases among kids are thought to be largely asymptomatic, meaning they don’t show symptoms. This is a drawback of the above study. 

The data of cases in England is “heavily skewed”, says Professor Jonathan Ball, an expert in molecular virology at the University of Nottingham, by the fact that the only children tested were those presenting at a GP clinic with well-defined respiratory illness and fever – a.k.a symptomatic kids.

“We know from other studies that children, particularly young children, show minimal symptoms of SARS2 infection and often have no symptoms at all,” he says. “Therefore, the fact that children weren’t often amongst confirmed cases of Covid-19 isn’t so surprising.”

A claim is made in the study that the findings “provide further evidence against the role of children in infection and transmission of SARS-CoV-2”. But Prof Ball argues it doesn’t. “To imply children aren’t an important source of the infection isn’t really fully supported by the evidence here – the study doesn’t look at the infectiousness of children,” he says. For example, we don’t know whether asymptomatic kids were going home to their families and passing the virus around, or passing it among their peers, who were also then asymptomatic.

Professor Paul Hunter, an expert in medicine at the University of East Anglia, agrees: “While it’s generally accepted children, even when infected, are unlikely to become ill with Covid-19 and very unlikely to die, this is not evidence against the role of children in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. I don’t think the authors of this study can use their data to draw such an apparently firm conclusion.”

Another study also suggests children with Covid-19 might be “silent spreaders” and play a larger role in the spread of the virus than previously thought. The study by Massachusetts General Hospital and Mass General Hospital for Children found kids of all ages infected with the virus had a significantly higher level of it in their airways than adults with Covid-19 in intensive care units.

“I was surprised by the high levels of virus we found in children of all ages, especially in the first two days of infection,” says Lael Yonker, a doctor and lead author of the study. “I was not expecting the viral load to be so high. You think of a hospital, and of all of the precautions taken to treat severely ill adults, but the viral loads of these hospitalised patients are significantly lower than a ‘healthy child’ who is walking around with a high SARS-CoV-2 viral load.”

So, should parents be worried? Here, we break down what we know about Covid-19 in kids of different age groups. 

Nursery school 

Children tend to go to nursery between the ages of one and five years old. The PHE study of Covid-19 cases among kids in England showed cases were highest in those aged one and under. There weren’t as many cases in two, three and four-year-olds in comparison. 

There are concerns such young children might be unknowingly spreading the virus. A separate study from a Chicago children’s hospital found children under five with “mild to moderate” Covid-19 have a higher viral load compared to older children and adults, “which may suggest greater transmission,” said lead author Taylor Heald-Sargent, a paediatric infectious diseases specialist.

“This has important public health implications, especially during discussions on the safety of reopening schools and daycare.”

Age distribution of children with confirmed Covid-19 by sex in children during the first pandemic peak (February to May 2020) in England.

The findings, published in the journal JAMA Paediatrics, point to the possibility that younger children transmit the virus as much as other age groups.

Younger children’s ability to spread Covid-19 may have been under-recognised, researchers say. While the study doesn’t prove they spread Covid-19 as much as adults, “it is a possibility,” said Dr Heald-Sargent.

There have been some outbreaks of the virus in nursery schools in the UK, however staff appear to have been more impacted than children, which might suggest young kids have some form of protective effect.

Primary school

In young children attending primary school (aged four to eleven), evidence so far points to a reduced risk of becoming sick with the virus and spreading it.

large study from South Korea suggests kids under 10 years old spread the virus to others far less often than adults do. So, while they might be tested positive, they’re unlikely to transmit it to others. Another from Singapore concluded the risk of Covid-19 transmission among children in schools, especially pre-schools, is likely to be low.

A study from a small town in France also points to a lower risk in primary school age children, compared to secondary school pupils. Epidemiologist Arnaud Fontanet led an investigation after schools in Crépy-en-Valois became the centre of an outbreak earlier in the year.

In the secondary school, 38% of students had been infected, along with 43% of teachers and 59% of non-teaching staff. But the town’s six primary schools did not have the same experience. While three primary school age pupils caught Covid-19, not one of these infections had led to a secondary case, the Guardian reported, and only 9% of primary school pupils, 7% of teachers and 4% of non-teaching staff were infected.

“These results showed us teenagers are just as contagious as adults. But in the younger age groups, it’s a different story. They do not seem to transmit it to the same extent,” Fontanet said.

Secondary school

The PHE study found older children are more likely to test positive for Covid-19 than younger children, as shown in the graph below. This means secondary schools are more likely to be prone to outbreaks than primaries. 

Percentage of test positivity by age group in children (green bar) compared with adults (blue bars) tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 during the first pandemic peak (February to May 2020) in England.

As Russell Viner, Sage member and president of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, told The Times: “It’s increasingly clear that older children, teenagers probably, transmit as much as adults.”

Viner’s comments came after education secretary Gavin Williams revealed a study is being conducted on thousands of pupils who returned to schools in June. The findings will help determine whether it’s safe to send kids back – but they’re unlikely to be published before schools reopen, according to The Times

Secondary school pupils appear to be “more likely to get infected, have silent infection, transmit infection and get sicker,” a source close to the yet-to-be published study told The Times. 

Lead author of the PHE study on Covid-19 among children in England, Dr Shamez Ladhani, a paediatric infectious diseases specialist, says it’s not clear why young children have a low risk of infection compared to older children.

One reason might be that compared to adults, children have fewer ACE2 receptors [an enzyme in the body that lets the virus into our cells] that the virus can attach to. The way the immune system reacts to the virus is also likely to be different in children compared to adults, he adds.

So, should schools reopen?

Independent Sage, an alternative scientific advisory group, has warned that if local cases are already high, schools reopening will act as a “super spreading event”. It recommends prioritising reopening schools over pubs and casinos, ensuring that outbreaks in schools and communities are identified quickly and acted upon rapidly, and says schools need to be provided with detailed guidance so they know how best to minimise the spread of the virus. It also makes sense for students to wear masks, the group said in a Twitter thread

Professor Adilia Warris, paediatric infectious diseases specialist at University of Exeter says the results of the main PHE study underscore that going back to school carries a “very low risk” for children. “While an increase in SARS-CoV2 infections might be seen, the current data provides strong arguments that those infections will in the vast majority of cases not lead to severe disease in pre-school and school-aged children.”

Dr Sanjay Patel, a consultant in paediatric infectious diseases and immunology at Southampton Children’s Hospital, says as the study wasn’t set up to investigate the rate of transmission between children, “we need to ensure robust infection control measures remain in place in schools – especially secondary schools – and that vigilance is maintained (through test and tracing) once they reopen.”

Patel agrees reopening schools in September should represent an “extremely low risk to any individual child”. But it’s important to recognise that, despite these low numbers, “children may play a role in the transmission process,” he adds. So parents and teachers with underlying health conditions may need to take precautions in order to minimise their own risk over the coming months. 

While children have been largely spared from the clinical effects of Covid-19, the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) points out that almost every child in the country has experienced “collateral damage”. Millions have faced an unprecedented interruption in their education, and the burden of this has weighed most heavily on disadvantaged families, said RCPCH. The mental implications of keeping kids from schools should not be overlooked.

There is a health risk to sending children back to school – but so far, the evidence suggests this risk is low, as children are less likely to become ill with the virus. Whether they are ‘super spreaders’ is still largely unanswered, as they could be passing the virus between themselves but remaining asymptomatic (showing no symptoms) – and tests wouldn’t pick this up.

The study published later this year on how school re-openings impacted Covid-19 cases will hopefully shed some light on the subject. Until then, it’s clear that schools and teachers need to be given as much support and guidance as possible to help them run safely in the months to come.

collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-07-02
img
Struggling to make your monthly mortgage payments? A new CARES Act extension provides more protection for homeowners.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-05-03
img

Up until this week, it would have been easy to get caught up in the fiction that growth in public cloud spending was slowing. After all, if you looked across the different cloud providers, you’d see them reporting lower growth rates each quarter, as Jordan Novet captures in a chart. This quarter, however, each of the major clouds ticked up on growth or stayed roughly constant.

This isn’t going to stop anytime soon, as a new Accenture report indicates. The Covid era may be one that we can’t wait to get past and forget, but it has created tremendous impetus for digital transformation projects that were planned but never executed. Still, the question remains, how fast can we get to the future?

To read this article in full, please click here

collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-01-17
img
Insider previously reported that Deliveroo may target an IPO valuation above $13 billion.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2020-07-23
img

It’s now been 10 years since One Direction were put together during the seventh series of The X Factor, and pop history was made.

And, forgive us slipping into X Factor clichés, but what a journey they’ve been on in that time.

From five baby-faced young singers, the band went on to become one of the biggest pop acts of the decade, topping the charts on both sides of the Atlantic, touring all over the world and making household names out of members Harry Styles, Liam Payne, Louis Tomlinson, Niall Horan and Zayn Malik.

We don’t know about you, but the anniversary has got us feeling all kinds of nostalgic, so let’s take a look back at 1D’s incredible story in pictures, starting at the very beginning...

2010

As we all know, One Direction actually all intended to appear on the X Factor as solo acts, so each of them auditioned individually. Here’s a 16-year-old Harry already charming everyone with his version of Isn’t She Lovely.

Two years on from his first try at The X Factor, 16-year-old Liam Payne powered his way through Michael Bublé’s Cry Me A River, winning over all of the judges (including Cheryl Cole, with whom he would go on to have a child seven years later).

Louis’ audition didn’t actually air on the main show, but after seemingly spending the whole morning straightening his hair, he got a yes from each of the judges.

Similarly, Zayn – or Zain as he was then known – only had his audition shown on The Xtra Factor, rather than the main show. He performed a cover of Let Me Love You by Mario.

Niall was the only one of the 1D boys who didn’t quite nail his audition. Guest judge Katy Perry told him to potentially audition a few years later, while Simon Cowell told him he was underprepared and had oversold his talent. Still, he managed to win a spot at boot camp, where One Direction was formed.

After failing to impress with their dance abilities, the five members of One Direction were given a “lifeline” when they were put together as a group.

Their first performance together as a cover of Natalie Imbruglia’s Torn, which they performed at Simon Cowell’s house, although their chances were almost scuppered after Louis was stung by a sea urchin and had to be rushed to hospital.

As we know, though, the group managed to make it to live shows, where they quickly made an impression on the British public.

Highlights included this Halloween performance...

...and this rendition of Kids In America (during what was supposed to have been “American anthems” week, but we’ll let them off for covering a British singer since it’s them).

You may recall there were also a lot of onesies about during this period.

The band did a great job on X Factor, managing to avoid the bottom two every single week and making it all the way to the final, where they duetted with Robbie Williams (almost a decade later, Louis would join Robbie on the X Factor judging panel, alongside the singer’s wife, Ayda Field).

Ultimately, it was Matt Cardle who the public chose as their winner, but Simon Cowell clearly saw something in 1D, and signed them to his label after the series ended.

2011

The following summer, One Direction unveiled their debut single What Makes You Beautiful, and they went on the promo offensive.

This included a performance on Simon Cowell’s ill-fated series Red Or Black...

...celebrating Niall’s 18th birthday first thing in the morning on the now-defunct Daybreak...

...and, of course, cosying up to Rustie Lee in the This Morning kitchen.

Ultimately their hard work paid off, and they were rewarded with their first UK number one.

And what better way to celebrate than with a massive food fight at G-A-Y, right?

Soon afterwards, the group released their first album, Up All Night, which reached number two in the UK and spawned singles One Thing and Gotta Be You.

To promote the album, they also embarked on their first headlining tour, performing in theatres and small venues around the UK.

Capitalising on their popularity, a range of dolls was also released and as you can see, the quality of the resemlance differed quite drastically from member to member...

2012

This was around the time things really began to blow up for 1D, beginning with their first ever Brit Award win, for Best British Single.

As their profile began to grow on the other side of the Atlantic, US, Australia and New Zealand dates were added to the Up All Night tour, including a handful of area shows.

They also made their debut on Saturday Night Live, where there was apparently an unlimited chinos budget.

Back on their home turf, the group were invited to perform What Makes You Beautiful during the 2012 London Olympics closing ceremony, where they were one of the newest acts on the line-up of mostly British performers.

That year, One Direction also made their VMAs debut, performing One Thing during the ceremony, where they were flanked by their devoted fans.

One Direction scooped all three of the awards they were nominated for that night, including Best New Artist, making them the biggest winners of the night (sidenote: remember Zayn’s blond fringe? Dreamy).

As a nice end to what had been a mammoth year for the group, they also headlined a sold-out show at Madison Square Garden in New York. Even more excitingly, it seemed they were finally ready to put the chinos behind them.

2013

Continuing their global domination, 1D began 2013 by arriving in Japan, posing for this photo (judging from Zayn’s face) roughly five minutes after getting off their long haul flight.

The band looked back on their world travels in the music video for their Comic Relief single One Way Or Another (Teenage Kicks), which included this choice cameo from then-PM David Cameron.

As well as performing the song at the Brit Awards, One Direction picked up the first ever Global Success prize during the ceremony.

The category was a divisive one, as some felt it had only been introduced so 1D could win an award, after losing the British Group title to Mumford & Sons. 

The Take Me Home tour, in support of One Direction’s second album, would take them all over the world, and kept them busy for much of the year. 

Fortunately, they were able to take some time out so they could be immortalised in wax at Madame Tussauds, gifting us this photo of Harry with what seems to be an enormous pair of tweezers up his nose.

The figures were eventually unveiled in mid-2013. See if you can tell who’s made of wax in the photo above...

One Direction also underwent some pretty impressive transformations for the music video for Best Song Ever, the lead single from their third album, Midnight Memories. Zayn’s was our favourite, obv.

The music video was interspersed with clips from This Is Us, One Direction’s 3D concert film, which people were doing a lot of back in 2013.

The film’s London premiere was also where Zayn and then-fiancée Perrie Edwards revealed to the world that they were engaged. Zayn and Perrie eventually split in 2015.

This year’s VMAs was another biggie for One Direction, who won Song Of The Summer for Best Song Ever (although admittedly it was also the year that Miley Cyrus twerked on Robin Thicke wearing a nude leotard and a foam finger, so we’ll forgive you for forgetting that).

It seemed the tide was beginning to turn, though, and 1D were actually booed by some audience members when they picked up the award, sparking the wrath of Lady Gaga at the time.

The end of the year saw One Direction releasing their third album, Midnight Memories, showcasing a more mature and instrument-driven sound.

To promote the release, the band took part in a seven-hour live-stream, which was all kinds of chaotic, but fans obviously loved it.

The stream featured a cameo appearance from Simon Cowell and Liam learning to wrestle (which is why he’s dressed like that, btw).

There was also this musical number...

...and even an interview with Piers Morgan, for some reason.

2014

Most of 2014 was devoted to – you guessed it – another world tour. This time around, though, One Direction played only at stadiums for the first time.

It was also a good time to watch Harry’s hair get longer...

...and longer...

...and longer again (and yes, that’s Courtney Love he’s cosying up to).

Still, let’s not overlook 2014′s finest One Direction hair moment...

...the Zayn strand. What a time to be alive.

2015

After the release of their fourth album – the imaginatively-titled Four – One Direction embarked on their On The Road Again tour, their fifth in as many years.

Life in the band was clearly beginning to get to band member Zayn Malik, who dropped out of the tour due to stress in March 2015, announcing a week later that he’d quit the band completely.

A few weeks later, Zayn made his first red carpet appearance since leaving the band, walking the red carpet at the Asian Awards in London with his mum as his guest.

He also debuted a new buzzed hairstyle, and while we were sad to see the end of the Zayn strand, we can’t pretend we weren’t loving this style too.

Meanwhile, the rest of the band announced that they would be continuing One Direction as a four-piece following Zayn’s departure. Louis was apparently determined to make every red carpet a fun-filled one in their former bandmate’s absence.

This included continuing the rest of the On The Road Again tour, all the while secretly recording their fifth – and, so far, final – album Made In The A.M.

Anyone who worried how 1D would fare without Zayn needn’t have, though. Their first post-Malik single Drag Me Down – which saw the band playing astronauts in the accompanying music video – topped the singles chart here in the UK.

By the end of the year, it had been announced that One Direction were heading towards a hiatus, but before they hung up their chinos and hairspray, they had to return to their own stomping ground for one last performance.

A few weeks later, they marked their last TV performance as a group, during Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve.

2016

The beginning of the new year was an especially exciting one for Louis, who celebrated the arrival of his baby son, Freddie, by tweeting this photo, alongside the message: “Meet my little lad, Freddie.”

That same month, the band unveiled the music video for their last single, History, which interspersed clips from their six years in the spotlight, as well as a poignant farewell scene at the very end.

Although One Direction’s hiatus was only supposed to last around 18 months, the band are yet to reunite, with each of them enjoying varying levels of solo success.

And so, let’s reminisce together with a bit of help from the History music video:

collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-06-21
img
The character’s identity—rooted in sexually fluid Norse mythology—goes far beyond any form of queerness TV has ever seen.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-03-04
img
The bill, which is supported by President Biden, heads to the Senate where it needs at least 10 Republican votes to become law.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2020-12-22
img
We've rounded up the best last-minute gifts from Amazon that should arrive in time for Christmas.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2019-10-01
img

On this episode of Digital Trends Live, hosts Greg Nibler and Drew Prindle discuss the biggest trending tech stories of the day, including the battle over game streaming, Google’s “Personal Safety” app, Galaxy S11 rumors, artificial skin that may let you feel VR, a Minecraft AR game, and more.

We then go to TwitchCon with Riley Winn, who talks with Twitch streamer William “Jericho” Boner about Packy and Marlon, the first game he ever played.

Prindle then sits down with Jonathan Rivers of the U.N. World Food Programme’s hunger-monitoring unit, who discusses a new interactive world hunger map and predictive data for areas in dire need of food.

Finally, Winn is back with Alexia Raye, who went from Vine star to YouTube star, to talk about her favorite game and the future of e-sports.

collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-05-27
img
We spoke to three veterinarians and tested 19 products to find the best cat toothpaste, toothbrush, water additive, and dental treats.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-01-29
img
Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts said the stock market is not reflective of the real economy, and a wealth tax would combat wealth inequality.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2020-09-05
img
Going further down the rabbit hole of ‘90s tunes that make you forget the last two decades ever happened.
collect
0
Warren Edwards 2019-08-16
img

Right out of the box, the Bar 40 makes a statement, with muscular twin Tractrix Horns (a signature Klipsch design touch) flanking a sleek, fabric-sheathed centerpiece made of MDF wood in place of plastic.

Flashy, crystal-white LEDs in front offer a basic visual display, though we can’t help but wonder if the bar’s topside display — which gives more detailed cues like denoting when Surround or Dialogue modes are engaged — would be better oriented, you know, somewhere you can see it.

The system offers an ample collection of inputs, including HDMI ARC, Optical, 3.5mm, and Bluetooth streaming, and even a subwoofer output so you can swap in your choice of wired subs.

That means you’ll not only be fully reliant on your TV to decode sound for gaming, Blu-ray, and streaming devices, but you’ll also lose a precious HDMI input on your TV if you connect via HDMI ARC.

In fact, even Vizio’s $160 SB3621n soundbar comes with the latter features, though to be fair, we’ve never been all that crazy about the sharp edge DTS Virtual:X brings to the sound signature.

That’s about it for sound adjustment, though, with no EQ or default sound modes like Music or Movie.

collect
0
Warren Edwards 2021-07-03
Brooks said he was just doing his job when he told protesters to "start taking down names and kicking ass" before rioting began at the Capitol.
Warren Edwards 2021-06-21
img
The character’s identity—rooted in sexually fluid Norse mythology—goes far beyond any form of queerness TV has ever seen.
Warren Edwards 2021-05-12
(The University of Montana) Meradeth Snow, a University of Montana researcher and co-chair of UM's Department of Anthropology, was part of an international team that used human "paleofeces" to discover that ancient people had far different microorganisms living in their guts than we do in modern times.
Warren Edwards 2021-03-04
img
The bill, which is supported by President Biden, heads to the Senate where it needs at least 10 Republican votes to become law.
Warren Edwards 2021-01-28
Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge

In the wake of Robinhood’s surprise trading block, a new class of Reddit investors are looking for apps that will let them plow their money into their favorite stocks. On Thursday morning, Robinhood announced that it would temporarily block investors from purchasing or trading companies including GameStop, AMC, BlackBerry, Bed Bath & Beyond, and Nokia, all of which have been the subject of unexpected rallies over the past few days. But for the online communities that fueled those rallies, the block is being treated as an outright betrayal.

Discussion about switching ramped up on Twitter and in investment discords after Robinhood halted buying and trading on stock, citing “recent volatility” in the market with the aforementioned stock as...

Continue reading…

Warren Edwards 2020-12-22
img
We've rounded up the best last-minute gifts from Amazon that should arrive in time for Christmas.
Warren Edwards 2020-08-24
img

We’re here to guide you through the coronavirus pandemic. Sign up to the Life newsletter for daily tips, advice, how-tos and escapism.

Is it safe to send my kids back to school? It’s a question parents up and down the country have been asking for the past few months. Come September, all children are expected to go back – both primary and secondary.

It’s now widely agreed children have a much milder experience of the virus than adults. A new study, lead by Public Health England (PHE), suggests kids in England made up just 1% of Covid-19 cases during the first wave of the pandemic, which prompted UK academics to say going back to school in September is a viable, low-risk option. 

For the study, researchers compared disease trends in adults and children in England between January and May 2020, and also looked at Covid-19 test result data for this period. Between 16 January and 3 May, 540,305 people, including 35,200 children under the age of 16, were tested for the virus.

Around one in four (24%) of those tested had the virus. Children accounted for 1,408 of the positive results – 1% of the total. This compares with around 19-35% of adults. The highest number of tests and positive results were among infants (particularly those under three months old), and among one-year-olds. 

These figures are in line with those reported for children in other countries, say the researchers. 

What we know about children spreading the virus

Previous studies have shown 1-5% of diagnosed Covid-19 cases occur in children. However, cases among kids are thought to be largely asymptomatic, meaning they don’t show symptoms. This is a drawback of the above study. 

The data of cases in England is “heavily skewed”, says Professor Jonathan Ball, an expert in molecular virology at the University of Nottingham, by the fact that the only children tested were those presenting at a GP clinic with well-defined respiratory illness and fever – a.k.a symptomatic kids.

“We know from other studies that children, particularly young children, show minimal symptoms of SARS2 infection and often have no symptoms at all,” he says. “Therefore, the fact that children weren’t often amongst confirmed cases of Covid-19 isn’t so surprising.”

A claim is made in the study that the findings “provide further evidence against the role of children in infection and transmission of SARS-CoV-2”. But Prof Ball argues it doesn’t. “To imply children aren’t an important source of the infection isn’t really fully supported by the evidence here – the study doesn’t look at the infectiousness of children,” he says. For example, we don’t know whether asymptomatic kids were going home to their families and passing the virus around, or passing it among their peers, who were also then asymptomatic.

Professor Paul Hunter, an expert in medicine at the University of East Anglia, agrees: “While it’s generally accepted children, even when infected, are unlikely to become ill with Covid-19 and very unlikely to die, this is not evidence against the role of children in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. I don’t think the authors of this study can use their data to draw such an apparently firm conclusion.”

Another study also suggests children with Covid-19 might be “silent spreaders” and play a larger role in the spread of the virus than previously thought. The study by Massachusetts General Hospital and Mass General Hospital for Children found kids of all ages infected with the virus had a significantly higher level of it in their airways than adults with Covid-19 in intensive care units.

“I was surprised by the high levels of virus we found in children of all ages, especially in the first two days of infection,” says Lael Yonker, a doctor and lead author of the study. “I was not expecting the viral load to be so high. You think of a hospital, and of all of the precautions taken to treat severely ill adults, but the viral loads of these hospitalised patients are significantly lower than a ‘healthy child’ who is walking around with a high SARS-CoV-2 viral load.”

So, should parents be worried? Here, we break down what we know about Covid-19 in kids of different age groups. 

Nursery school 

Children tend to go to nursery between the ages of one and five years old. The PHE study of Covid-19 cases among kids in England showed cases were highest in those aged one and under. There weren’t as many cases in two, three and four-year-olds in comparison. 

There are concerns such young children might be unknowingly spreading the virus. A separate study from a Chicago children’s hospital found children under five with “mild to moderate” Covid-19 have a higher viral load compared to older children and adults, “which may suggest greater transmission,” said lead author Taylor Heald-Sargent, a paediatric infectious diseases specialist.

“This has important public health implications, especially during discussions on the safety of reopening schools and daycare.”

Age distribution of children with confirmed Covid-19 by sex in children during the first pandemic peak (February to May 2020) in England.

The findings, published in the journal JAMA Paediatrics, point to the possibility that younger children transmit the virus as much as other age groups.

Younger children’s ability to spread Covid-19 may have been under-recognised, researchers say. While the study doesn’t prove they spread Covid-19 as much as adults, “it is a possibility,” said Dr Heald-Sargent.

There have been some outbreaks of the virus in nursery schools in the UK, however staff appear to have been more impacted than children, which might suggest young kids have some form of protective effect.

Primary school

In young children attending primary school (aged four to eleven), evidence so far points to a reduced risk of becoming sick with the virus and spreading it.

large study from South Korea suggests kids under 10 years old spread the virus to others far less often than adults do. So, while they might be tested positive, they’re unlikely to transmit it to others. Another from Singapore concluded the risk of Covid-19 transmission among children in schools, especially pre-schools, is likely to be low.

A study from a small town in France also points to a lower risk in primary school age children, compared to secondary school pupils. Epidemiologist Arnaud Fontanet led an investigation after schools in Crépy-en-Valois became the centre of an outbreak earlier in the year.

In the secondary school, 38% of students had been infected, along with 43% of teachers and 59% of non-teaching staff. But the town’s six primary schools did not have the same experience. While three primary school age pupils caught Covid-19, not one of these infections had led to a secondary case, the Guardian reported, and only 9% of primary school pupils, 7% of teachers and 4% of non-teaching staff were infected.

“These results showed us teenagers are just as contagious as adults. But in the younger age groups, it’s a different story. They do not seem to transmit it to the same extent,” Fontanet said.

Secondary school

The PHE study found older children are more likely to test positive for Covid-19 than younger children, as shown in the graph below. This means secondary schools are more likely to be prone to outbreaks than primaries. 

Percentage of test positivity by age group in children (green bar) compared with adults (blue bars) tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 during the first pandemic peak (February to May 2020) in England.

As Russell Viner, Sage member and president of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, told The Times: “It’s increasingly clear that older children, teenagers probably, transmit as much as adults.”

Viner’s comments came after education secretary Gavin Williams revealed a study is being conducted on thousands of pupils who returned to schools in June. The findings will help determine whether it’s safe to send kids back – but they’re unlikely to be published before schools reopen, according to The Times

Secondary school pupils appear to be “more likely to get infected, have silent infection, transmit infection and get sicker,” a source close to the yet-to-be published study told The Times. 

Lead author of the PHE study on Covid-19 among children in England, Dr Shamez Ladhani, a paediatric infectious diseases specialist, says it’s not clear why young children have a low risk of infection compared to older children.

One reason might be that compared to adults, children have fewer ACE2 receptors [an enzyme in the body that lets the virus into our cells] that the virus can attach to. The way the immune system reacts to the virus is also likely to be different in children compared to adults, he adds.

So, should schools reopen?

Independent Sage, an alternative scientific advisory group, has warned that if local cases are already high, schools reopening will act as a “super spreading event”. It recommends prioritising reopening schools over pubs and casinos, ensuring that outbreaks in schools and communities are identified quickly and acted upon rapidly, and says schools need to be provided with detailed guidance so they know how best to minimise the spread of the virus. It also makes sense for students to wear masks, the group said in a Twitter thread

Professor Adilia Warris, paediatric infectious diseases specialist at University of Exeter says the results of the main PHE study underscore that going back to school carries a “very low risk” for children. “While an increase in SARS-CoV2 infections might be seen, the current data provides strong arguments that those infections will in the vast majority of cases not lead to severe disease in pre-school and school-aged children.”

Dr Sanjay Patel, a consultant in paediatric infectious diseases and immunology at Southampton Children’s Hospital, says as the study wasn’t set up to investigate the rate of transmission between children, “we need to ensure robust infection control measures remain in place in schools – especially secondary schools – and that vigilance is maintained (through test and tracing) once they reopen.”

Patel agrees reopening schools in September should represent an “extremely low risk to any individual child”. But it’s important to recognise that, despite these low numbers, “children may play a role in the transmission process,” he adds. So parents and teachers with underlying health conditions may need to take precautions in order to minimise their own risk over the coming months. 

While children have been largely spared from the clinical effects of Covid-19, the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) points out that almost every child in the country has experienced “collateral damage”. Millions have faced an unprecedented interruption in their education, and the burden of this has weighed most heavily on disadvantaged families, said RCPCH. The mental implications of keeping kids from schools should not be overlooked.

There is a health risk to sending children back to school – but so far, the evidence suggests this risk is low, as children are less likely to become ill with the virus. Whether they are ‘super spreaders’ is still largely unanswered, as they could be passing the virus between themselves but remaining asymptomatic (showing no symptoms) – and tests wouldn’t pick this up.

The study published later this year on how school re-openings impacted Covid-19 cases will hopefully shed some light on the subject. Until then, it’s clear that schools and teachers need to be given as much support and guidance as possible to help them run safely in the months to come.

Warren Edwards 2019-10-01
img

On this episode of Digital Trends Live, hosts Greg Nibler and Drew Prindle discuss the biggest trending tech stories of the day, including the battle over game streaming, Google’s “Personal Safety” app, Galaxy S11 rumors, artificial skin that may let you feel VR, a Minecraft AR game, and more.

We then go to TwitchCon with Riley Winn, who talks with Twitch streamer William “Jericho” Boner about Packy and Marlon, the first game he ever played.

Prindle then sits down with Jonathan Rivers of the U.N. World Food Programme’s hunger-monitoring unit, who discusses a new interactive world hunger map and predictive data for areas in dire need of food.

Finally, Winn is back with Alexia Raye, who went from Vine star to YouTube star, to talk about her favorite game and the future of e-sports.

Warren Edwards 2021-07-02
img
Struggling to make your monthly mortgage payments? A new CARES Act extension provides more protection for homeowners.
Warren Edwards 2021-05-27
img
We spoke to three veterinarians and tested 19 products to find the best cat toothpaste, toothbrush, water additive, and dental treats.
Warren Edwards 2021-05-03
img

Up until this week, it would have been easy to get caught up in the fiction that growth in public cloud spending was slowing. After all, if you looked across the different cloud providers, you’d see them reporting lower growth rates each quarter, as Jordan Novet captures in a chart. This quarter, however, each of the major clouds ticked up on growth or stayed roughly constant.

This isn’t going to stop anytime soon, as a new Accenture report indicates. The Covid era may be one that we can’t wait to get past and forget, but it has created tremendous impetus for digital transformation projects that were planned but never executed. Still, the question remains, how fast can we get to the future?

To read this article in full, please click here

Warren Edwards 2021-01-29
img
Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts said the stock market is not reflective of the real economy, and a wealth tax would combat wealth inequality.
Warren Edwards 2021-01-17
img
Insider previously reported that Deliveroo may target an IPO valuation above $13 billion.
Warren Edwards 2020-09-05
img
Going further down the rabbit hole of ‘90s tunes that make you forget the last two decades ever happened.
Warren Edwards 2020-07-23
img

It’s now been 10 years since One Direction were put together during the seventh series of The X Factor, and pop history was made.

And, forgive us slipping into X Factor clichés, but what a journey they’ve been on in that time.

From five baby-faced young singers, the band went on to become one of the biggest pop acts of the decade, topping the charts on both sides of the Atlantic, touring all over the world and making household names out of members Harry Styles, Liam Payne, Louis Tomlinson, Niall Horan and Zayn Malik.

We don’t know about you, but the anniversary has got us feeling all kinds of nostalgic, so let’s take a look back at 1D’s incredible story in pictures, starting at the very beginning...

2010

As we all know, One Direction actually all intended to appear on the X Factor as solo acts, so each of them auditioned individually. Here’s a 16-year-old Harry already charming everyone with his version of Isn’t She Lovely.

Two years on from his first try at The X Factor, 16-year-old Liam Payne powered his way through Michael Bublé’s Cry Me A River, winning over all of the judges (including Cheryl Cole, with whom he would go on to have a child seven years later).

Louis’ audition didn’t actually air on the main show, but after seemingly spending the whole morning straightening his hair, he got a yes from each of the judges.

Similarly, Zayn – or Zain as he was then known – only had his audition shown on The Xtra Factor, rather than the main show. He performed a cover of Let Me Love You by Mario.

Niall was the only one of the 1D boys who didn’t quite nail his audition. Guest judge Katy Perry told him to potentially audition a few years later, while Simon Cowell told him he was underprepared and had oversold his talent. Still, he managed to win a spot at boot camp, where One Direction was formed.

After failing to impress with their dance abilities, the five members of One Direction were given a “lifeline” when they were put together as a group.

Their first performance together as a cover of Natalie Imbruglia’s Torn, which they performed at Simon Cowell’s house, although their chances were almost scuppered after Louis was stung by a sea urchin and had to be rushed to hospital.

As we know, though, the group managed to make it to live shows, where they quickly made an impression on the British public.

Highlights included this Halloween performance...

...and this rendition of Kids In America (during what was supposed to have been “American anthems” week, but we’ll let them off for covering a British singer since it’s them).

You may recall there were also a lot of onesies about during this period.

The band did a great job on X Factor, managing to avoid the bottom two every single week and making it all the way to the final, where they duetted with Robbie Williams (almost a decade later, Louis would join Robbie on the X Factor judging panel, alongside the singer’s wife, Ayda Field).

Ultimately, it was Matt Cardle who the public chose as their winner, but Simon Cowell clearly saw something in 1D, and signed them to his label after the series ended.

2011

The following summer, One Direction unveiled their debut single What Makes You Beautiful, and they went on the promo offensive.

This included a performance on Simon Cowell’s ill-fated series Red Or Black...

...celebrating Niall’s 18th birthday first thing in the morning on the now-defunct Daybreak...

...and, of course, cosying up to Rustie Lee in the This Morning kitchen.

Ultimately their hard work paid off, and they were rewarded with their first UK number one.

And what better way to celebrate than with a massive food fight at G-A-Y, right?

Soon afterwards, the group released their first album, Up All Night, which reached number two in the UK and spawned singles One Thing and Gotta Be You.

To promote the album, they also embarked on their first headlining tour, performing in theatres and small venues around the UK.

Capitalising on their popularity, a range of dolls was also released and as you can see, the quality of the resemlance differed quite drastically from member to member...

2012

This was around the time things really began to blow up for 1D, beginning with their first ever Brit Award win, for Best British Single.

As their profile began to grow on the other side of the Atlantic, US, Australia and New Zealand dates were added to the Up All Night tour, including a handful of area shows.

They also made their debut on Saturday Night Live, where there was apparently an unlimited chinos budget.

Back on their home turf, the group were invited to perform What Makes You Beautiful during the 2012 London Olympics closing ceremony, where they were one of the newest acts on the line-up of mostly British performers.

That year, One Direction also made their VMAs debut, performing One Thing during the ceremony, where they were flanked by their devoted fans.

One Direction scooped all three of the awards they were nominated for that night, including Best New Artist, making them the biggest winners of the night (sidenote: remember Zayn’s blond fringe? Dreamy).

As a nice end to what had been a mammoth year for the group, they also headlined a sold-out show at Madison Square Garden in New York. Even more excitingly, it seemed they were finally ready to put the chinos behind them.

2013

Continuing their global domination, 1D began 2013 by arriving in Japan, posing for this photo (judging from Zayn’s face) roughly five minutes after getting off their long haul flight.

The band looked back on their world travels in the music video for their Comic Relief single One Way Or Another (Teenage Kicks), which included this choice cameo from then-PM David Cameron.

As well as performing the song at the Brit Awards, One Direction picked up the first ever Global Success prize during the ceremony.

The category was a divisive one, as some felt it had only been introduced so 1D could win an award, after losing the British Group title to Mumford & Sons. 

The Take Me Home tour, in support of One Direction’s second album, would take them all over the world, and kept them busy for much of the year. 

Fortunately, they were able to take some time out so they could be immortalised in wax at Madame Tussauds, gifting us this photo of Harry with what seems to be an enormous pair of tweezers up his nose.

The figures were eventually unveiled in mid-2013. See if you can tell who’s made of wax in the photo above...

One Direction also underwent some pretty impressive transformations for the music video for Best Song Ever, the lead single from their third album, Midnight Memories. Zayn’s was our favourite, obv.

The music video was interspersed with clips from This Is Us, One Direction’s 3D concert film, which people were doing a lot of back in 2013.

The film’s London premiere was also where Zayn and then-fiancée Perrie Edwards revealed to the world that they were engaged. Zayn and Perrie eventually split in 2015.

This year’s VMAs was another biggie for One Direction, who won Song Of The Summer for Best Song Ever (although admittedly it was also the year that Miley Cyrus twerked on Robin Thicke wearing a nude leotard and a foam finger, so we’ll forgive you for forgetting that).

It seemed the tide was beginning to turn, though, and 1D were actually booed by some audience members when they picked up the award, sparking the wrath of Lady Gaga at the time.

The end of the year saw One Direction releasing their third album, Midnight Memories, showcasing a more mature and instrument-driven sound.

To promote the release, the band took part in a seven-hour live-stream, which was all kinds of chaotic, but fans obviously loved it.

The stream featured a cameo appearance from Simon Cowell and Liam learning to wrestle (which is why he’s dressed like that, btw).

There was also this musical number...

...and even an interview with Piers Morgan, for some reason.

2014

Most of 2014 was devoted to – you guessed it – another world tour. This time around, though, One Direction played only at stadiums for the first time.

It was also a good time to watch Harry’s hair get longer...

...and longer...

...and longer again (and yes, that’s Courtney Love he’s cosying up to).

Still, let’s not overlook 2014′s finest One Direction hair moment...

...the Zayn strand. What a time to be alive.

2015

After the release of their fourth album – the imaginatively-titled Four – One Direction embarked on their On The Road Again tour, their fifth in as many years.

Life in the band was clearly beginning to get to band member Zayn Malik, who dropped out of the tour due to stress in March 2015, announcing a week later that he’d quit the band completely.

A few weeks later, Zayn made his first red carpet appearance since leaving the band, walking the red carpet at the Asian Awards in London with his mum as his guest.

He also debuted a new buzzed hairstyle, and while we were sad to see the end of the Zayn strand, we can’t pretend we weren’t loving this style too.

Meanwhile, the rest of the band announced that they would be continuing One Direction as a four-piece following Zayn’s departure. Louis was apparently determined to make every red carpet a fun-filled one in their former bandmate’s absence.

This included continuing the rest of the On The Road Again tour, all the while secretly recording their fifth – and, so far, final – album Made In The A.M.

Anyone who worried how 1D would fare without Zayn needn’t have, though. Their first post-Malik single Drag Me Down – which saw the band playing astronauts in the accompanying music video – topped the singles chart here in the UK.

By the end of the year, it had been announced that One Direction were heading towards a hiatus, but before they hung up their chinos and hairspray, they had to return to their own stomping ground for one last performance.

A few weeks later, they marked their last TV performance as a group, during Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve.

2016

The beginning of the new year was an especially exciting one for Louis, who celebrated the arrival of his baby son, Freddie, by tweeting this photo, alongside the message: “Meet my little lad, Freddie.”

That same month, the band unveiled the music video for their last single, History, which interspersed clips from their six years in the spotlight, as well as a poignant farewell scene at the very end.

Although One Direction’s hiatus was only supposed to last around 18 months, the band are yet to reunite, with each of them enjoying varying levels of solo success.

And so, let’s reminisce together with a bit of help from the History music video:

Warren Edwards 2019-08-16
img

Right out of the box, the Bar 40 makes a statement, with muscular twin Tractrix Horns (a signature Klipsch design touch) flanking a sleek, fabric-sheathed centerpiece made of MDF wood in place of plastic.

Flashy, crystal-white LEDs in front offer a basic visual display, though we can’t help but wonder if the bar’s topside display — which gives more detailed cues like denoting when Surround or Dialogue modes are engaged — would be better oriented, you know, somewhere you can see it.

The system offers an ample collection of inputs, including HDMI ARC, Optical, 3.5mm, and Bluetooth streaming, and even a subwoofer output so you can swap in your choice of wired subs.

That means you’ll not only be fully reliant on your TV to decode sound for gaming, Blu-ray, and streaming devices, but you’ll also lose a precious HDMI input on your TV if you connect via HDMI ARC.

In fact, even Vizio’s $160 SB3621n soundbar comes with the latter features, though to be fair, we’ve never been all that crazy about the sharp edge DTS Virtual:X brings to the sound signature.

That’s about it for sound adjustment, though, with no EQ or default sound modes like Music or Movie.