Sign in

Learn the Basics With These Music Theory Lessons

Ravi Jha
Learn the Basics With These Music Theory Lessons

The first step in learning the basics of music theory is to learn the parts of music. In music, these parts are called notes. Like in language, notes are composed of words and letters. In order to learn this part of the music world, you must first learn your alphabet. Next, you will learn about harmonic progressions. Eventually, you will be able to compose your own music. But how do you get started? There are many lessons you can take to learn the basics of music theory. Furthermore, you can always follow this link to explore music theory lessons in Singapore.

Principles of music theory

Basic knowledge of music theory is essential for studying the fundamentals of the music world. The course focuses on the basic elements of Western music notation, including pitches, scales, intervals, clefs, time signatures, and harmony. It also covers the basics of arranging music for various styles, such as classical, jazz, and popular music. This textbook has been thoroughly revised to help students master the basics of this subject. It includes new exercises and discussion questions to encourage learning.

In the twentieth century, there have been several major subfields in the study of music theory. These fields have different perspectives on primary phenomena and methods of investigation. Some of these fields are described below. The most basic topics are outlined below. Some students may find it helpful to learn more about these areas by taking a college or university course. Those with no background in music theory can benefit from learning about musical history. A foundation in music theory will help them become more successful musicians.

Chord types

If you're learning how to play an instrument, the first step you need to take is learning about the different types of chords. A chord is a series of notes that is formed from one note, called the root. A chord may contain two or three notes, but in most cases, three notes will be used. The intervals between the notes to determine what type of chord it is. Listed below are the different types of chords.

A major or minor chord is composed of two or more notes that form an arc. These arcs are often connected by a descending note. This means that the C-major chord is a major chord. A minor chord has a root note of F. It's also called a major chord because it contains the note Bb. These are just some of the different types of chords, you'll learn about in music theory lessons.

Major and minor keys

There are two primary ways to write the names of the major and minor keys. One is using the first letter of the key, while the other uses the second. Major keys have an octave in the key signature, whereas minor keys have a triad. Major keys are written in blue and minor keys in red. You can read their names in either way, depending on your learning style. The first letter of each key represents the sharp or flat note.

A relative major and minor key is a key that starts a half step lower than the major key. The pattern for the minor scale is similar to the one for the major scale. The minor scale is always three-half steps lower than the major. This means that it's easy to learn the relative major and minor scales. This can help you to arrange notes in songs. Relative majors and minors are also called "relative" keys.

Harmonic progressions

You may be wondering how to learn harmonic progressions. The answer to this question may surprise you. Though the process of learning a chord progression may look like a complicated math equation, it is simpler than you might think. In ancient Greece and Rome, music was considered a branch of mathematics. Modern musicologists use Arabic and Roman numerals to represent harmony. Regardless of which method you choose to learn about, you'll need to know some basics of music theory before you can make use of the various methods of studying it.

A good way to learn about harmonic progressions is by studying different types of chords. Generally speaking, these chords work together, although they rarely work independently. Usually, they're used to support melodies that come before them. They also generally have their own rhythm. This makes it difficult to identify which chords are dominant. However, it's worth remembering that if you can't recognize the root of a chord, you can use the root as a starting point for analysis.


As we all know, chords change modes, but we might not always know how to apply voice-leading principles to them. A good way to understand voice-leading in music theory lessons is by looking at songs, which often feature this technique. For example, in the song "Imagine", John Lennon plays an E7 chord leading to an F. David Bowie's "Space Oddity" also uses an E7 chord leading to an F. The Hollies' "The Air That I Breathe" and "Don't Look Back in Anger" demonstrate diatonic voice-leading techniques.

Western music theory lessons emphasize voice-leading by connecting adjacent harmonies. This builds a solid foundation for achieving larger structural goals. Common-practice conventions suggest that a melodic line be conjunct and smooth. It should avoid difficult leaps and approaches and follow them in the opposite direction. Voice-leading also requires proper handling of tendency tones. It should be avoided when a leading tone is followed by a tendency tone, as these are often moving down.

Ravi Jha
Zupyak is the world’s largest content marketing community, with over 400 000 members and 3 million articles. Explore and get your content discovered.
Read more