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Describe Agile methodology and Scrum

Kathleen Campbell
Describe Agile methodology and Scrum

Agile methodology is a specific software development methodology that focuses and works on iterative and incremental development framework. Agile methodology enables teams to deliver greater quality, faster value and greater aptitude to respond to change. A disciplined project management process is promoted by agile processes and agile methods. Scrum is a key component of the agile framework. Scrum is basically divided into three categories known as artifacts, roles and time boxes. In this article, you will get a brief idea about agile methodology and scrum.    


What is an agile methodology? 

It is a flexible and collaborative approach that is adopted by teams so that tasks related to software development can be accomplished more efficiently. Another widely used methodology in software development activity is agile management methodology. Through this methodology, cross-functional team members work in a collaborative and organized manner. The various project iterations are worked upon by the team using the agile approach. Then after, it is organized into a prioritized backlog based on end-user feedback. 

Flexibility is one of the key underlying principles of agile methodology, as changes can be done as and when needed. For carrying out this kind of activity, a certain amount of time is allocated by the project manager for each phase of the software project. Agile methodologies should be properly analysed and implemented based on project's specific requirements. 


Agile methodology consists of four important values, which are as follows: 

  • Interactions and individuals over tools and processes 
  • Working software over comprehensive documentation 
  • Collaborating with customers over contract negotiation 
  • Change is given due importance when compared to following a specific plan. 


What is Scrum methodology? 

Scrum methodology is considered to be one of the key aspects of agile methodologies that are aligned with scaling efficiency and collaboration in software development and testing. Those projects that are scrum based are broken down into small builds known as sprints. Sprints consist of three components namely sprint backlogs, product backlogs and sprint goals. Defining, developing and testing a specific function takes place with each sprint.  

Depending upon the project's complexity, the sprint project can last up to 2 to 3 weeks (based on project scope). If there is any change in the business requirements through which a code change is warranted then it becomes easier and quicker to find it in the sprint backlog.  

The scrum master is responsible for carrying out the scrum methodology process for the specific project. The Scrum master must make sure that every team member can solve problems that may arise, remain on track and also ensure that the team is in line with the scrum methodologies.   


The Scrum framework: 

A set of principles, values and practices are outlined by the scrum framework that needs to be followed by the scrum team in order to deliver a service or product. Scrum team members and their specific accountabilities are detailed in the scrum framework. The specific work to create the product is defined by "artifacts."    


Key members of a scrum team: 

A typical scrum team may consist of approximately 10 members who are focused on delivering committed product increments. Three specific roles, which are scrum master, development team and product owner play a key role in the scrum team. There are cross-functional teams also and hence developers, engineers, UX specialists, testers are also taken into consideration.  


Conclusion: If you are looking forward to implementing agile testing for your specific project, then do get connected with a leading software testing services company that will provide you with structured testing solutions that are in line with your project specific requirements.  

Kathleen Campbell
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