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What are the 7 concepts of interior design?

Sarkar Interiors
What are the 7 concepts of interior design?

Interior design is an art form that goes beyond just decorating a space. It's about creating an environment that both functions well and is aesthetically pleasing. To achieve this, interior designers work with a set of fundamental concepts that guide their design decisions. In this article, we will explore the seven key concepts of interior design and their importance in creating beautiful, functional, and harmonious spaces.

1. Space

Space is the foundation of interior design. It's not just about the physical dimensions of a room but also how the space is used and divided. Interior designers consider the layout, flow, and allocation of space to ensure that it serves its intended purpose. Whether it's a residential living room or a restaurant dining area, optimizing space is vital.

2. Light

Lighting is a crucial element in interior design. It can affect the mood, ambiance, and functionality of a space. Interior designers work with natural and artificial light to create the desired atmosphere. Effective lighting can highlight architectural features, provide task lighting, or create a cozy ambiance.

3. Color

Color plays a significant role in interior design. Different colors evoke different emotions and set the tone for a space. Interior designers carefully select color palettes that align with the desired mood and style of the room. Whether it's a bold and vibrant restaurant interior or a serene and calming bedroom, color choice is essential.

4. Form

The form refers to the shape and structure of objects in a space. It includes the shape of furniture, architectural features, and decorative elements. Interior designers use form to create visual interest and balance within a room. The form can be soft and curvaceous or sharp and angular, depending on the design concept.

5. Texture

Texture adds depth and tactility to a space. It influences how we perceive and interact with surfaces. Interior designers introduce different textures through materials like wood, fabric, metal, and stone. Texture can make a room feel cozy, luxurious, or even rugged, depending on the chosen elements.

6. Pattern

Pattern involves the repetition of shapes, lines, or colors in a space. Interior designers use patterns to add visual interest and personality. Patterns can be found in wallpapers, textiles, and even flooring. They can be subtle and understated or bold and eye-catching, depending on the design objectives.

7. Balance

Balance is the distribution of visual weight in a room. It ensures that a space feels harmonious and not lopsided. Interior designers aim for balance by arranging furniture, decor, and architectural elements in a way that feels visually pleasing. There are two types of balance: symmetrical (formal) and asymmetrical (informal), and designers choose the one that suits the design concept.

The Role of Interior Designers

Interior designers are skilled in applying these seven concepts to transform spaces into functional, aesthetically pleasing environments. They take into consideration the unique needs and preferences of their clients, whether it's a homeowner looking for a cozy living room or a restaurant owner in search of the perfect dining ambiance.

In Toronto, where diverse design preferences and styles coexist, the expertise of interior designers is invaluable. The best interior designers in Toronto are adept at balancing the practical requirements of a space with the creative aspects of design.


The seven concepts of interior design—space, light, color, form, texture, pattern, and balance—are the building blocks of creating well-designed spaces that are both functional and visually appealing. Interior designers in Toronto have mastered the art of combining these concepts to cater to the unique needs and styles of their clients.

If you are looking for restaurant interior designers in Toronto who can skillfully apply these concepts to create an exceptional dining experience, contact Sarkar Interiors. They are among the best interior designers in Toronto, known for their innovative and customized designs. Sarkar Interiors can transform your restaurant into a space that not only looks stunning but also delivers the perfect ambiance for your patrons.

Sarkar Interiors
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