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Emerald, Ruby, and Sapphire are the Big Three colored gemstones with a variety of colors to choose from.

Navratan Gems
Emerald, Ruby, and Sapphire are the Big Three colored gemstones with a variety of colors to choose from.

The big three: sapphire, ruby, and emerald

The Emerald (Panna) Stone

The most valuable gem of all is the emerald, a green variation of the mineral beryl. In addition to being the birthstone for May, emerald was originally regarded to bestow upon its wearer devotion and unwavering love as well as the ability to predict events.

The greatest quality emerald has the color of fresh young green grass; an almost pure spectral green, possibly with a very small tint of blue, like in the finest emerald from Colombia, which is considered by connoisseurs to be the world's finest. Due to the rarity of flawless emeralds, their "flaws" have evolved into something akin to "fingerprints," whereas perfect emeralds are instantly suspicious. Even though it is a durable stone, emerald is rather brittle and can chip easily, therefore it should be worn and handled with extra care.

Because of the popularity and emerald stone price, imitations are widely available. It's common to find glass that has been made "complete with faults" and doublets or triplets, such as "aquamarine emeralds" and "Telca emeralds." The market is being introduced to new items like the "Lannyte Emerald Doublet," which, when presented correctly, can make an attractive jewelry choice. However, a second or third party may overlook the fact that they are "doublets."

Additionally, high-quality synthetic emeralds are being made that are almost identical to real emeralds in terms of color, hardness, and brilliance. With the exception of when compared to an authentic emerald of comparable quality, these synthetics are not cheap in and of themselves.

Techniques that improve color and hide defects are regularly employed. Boiling the emerald in oil (occasionally colored green) is a typical procedure that dates back to ancient Greek culture. Given the stone's fragility, this is a generally accepted trade practice because it benefits the stone. Some of the whitish faults, which are actually cracks, are concealed by oiling by filling the cracks so they are less noticeable. Unless it undergoes a degreasing technique, the oil remains a permanent component of the emerald. The invention and widespread use of the ultrasonic cleaner has revealed how widespread this behavior is. Never use an ultrasonic cleaner to clean emeralds.

Although oiling is regarded as a legitimate procedure, be sure the stone's pricing accurately reflects its true quality. Most emeralds can be "re-oiled" if necessary.

As with all highly sought-after gems, fraud is more common when the value and demand are higher. The use of synthetics, the substitution of less expensive green stones, doublets, or other composites, as well as color manipulation using green foil on closed backs, are just a few examples of the many techniques used to replicate emeralds. Therefore, when looking to buy an emerald gemstone, exercise extra caution while looking for deals, deal only with reputable jewelers, and always have the transaction verified by a certified gemologist appraiser.

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Natural Certified Emerald (Panna) Gemstone Ring

Ruby (Manik) Stone

Ruby is the red type of the mineral corundum, which has been cherished throughout history, even by kings, as the "gem of gems... surpassing all other valuable stones in virtue." Historically, rubies have been associated with beauty, strong friendships, and feelings of love and passion. Ruby, which can range in color from purple or bluish-red to yellow-red, is currently the birthstone for July. The best-quality color is a brilliant, nearly pure spectral red with a very slight undertone of blue, as seen in the world's best rubies, Burmese.

There are also transparent ruby types, and one of these produces a six-ray star effect when cut into a cabochon. One of nature's most gorgeous and intriguing offerings is a variation known as star ruby. However, these gorgeous gems are now replicated in synthetic star rubies, and other "faked" star rubies are now the results of mankind's attempts at imitation, as with so many other beautiful gifts that were originally generated exclusively in nature.

Recall once more that tactics to "improve" or "simulate" are used more frequently the higher the value and demand. Examples of nearly every form of fraudulent technique, including color enhancement, synthesis, replacements, doublets, triplets, misleading names, etc., may be found in rubies, as well as in other gemstones. Many of the newest lab-grown synthetic rubies, like those produced by Ramaura and Chatham, are so similar to natural rubies in every way that even gemologists mistake them for the real thing. When purchasing a really fine, expensive ruby, make sure to get its authenticity confirmed by a gemologist who has extensive experience working with colored gemstones and a keen understanding of the current market. Additionally, we advise the jeweler or gemologist to get a colored gemstone analysis from a reputable gem testing lab.

Once more, be extremely wary of deals. When preparing to buy a ruby gemstone, work with trustworthy jewelers and have the purchase verified by a licensed gemologist appraiser.

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Natural Certified Ruby (Manik) Gemstone Ring

Sapphire Gemstones

The mineral corundum is actually the "celestial" sapphire, which is also known as the stone of heaven, innocence, honesty, and good health. It also protects chastity. It appears in almost every color, but we are most familiar with its highly valued blue variations; red corundum is ruby. Like its sister stone, the ruby, sapphire is distinguished by hardness, brilliance, and availability in a variety of lovely colors, all of which combine to make it likely the most significant and adaptable of the gem families.

Particularly stones from Burma and Kashmir, which are closest to the pure spectral blue, are among the most expensive members of the sapphire family. Burmese sapphires, which are exquisite, dazzling, and deep blue, as well as Kashmir, which is a deep blue with a delicate velvety tone, will undoubtedly dazzle the eye and the wallet. However, many have a tendency to be too dark because they include too much black and pure cutting (which is cut deeply for added weight), however, deep blues can be treated to make them lighter.

The Ceylon (Sir Lanka) sapphires have a very attractive blue color, although they are less intense than Burmese or Kashmiri sapphires and tend to be more pastel in hue.

We are also seeing a lot of Australian sapphires, which are typically dark blue with a subtle undertone of green, as well as Thai sapphires, both of which sell for significantly less per carat. They provide an excellent substitute for the Burmese, Kashmir, or Ceylon while still having a very attractive hue. Additionally, blue sapphires are found in Tanzania, Brazil, Africa, and even the US. Due to their uncommon color combinations and the fact that many of them are untreated natural colors, Montana sapphires are very collectible. If you're looking for a gem that is truly "natural," Montana sapphire might be the best option.

If you are buying a Kashmir, Burmese, or Ceylon sapphire, that should be indicated on the bill of sale because the provenance of sapphires can have a considerable impact on price.

Similar to rubies, blue sapphires can be found in translucent varieties that, when carved into cabochons, may exhibit a six-rayed star look. The trade commonly refers to this strain as "Linde," pronounced "Lin' dee," and there are many synthetic versions of it.

A lovely and popular form of lotus flower called padparadscha is also in demand. Pink and orange colors should coexist on the real padparadscha. These can cost a lot of money, depending on the size, brilliance, and color richness. Today, a wonderful variant that is actually a rich orange color is readily accessible but more widespread and less expensive. Although it is frequently offered as padparadscha, the rarer and more expensive gem will always have a prominent pink hue mixed with the orange.

Evidence of every method known to increase the perceived quality and value of the sapphire—including color manipulation, synthesis, composites, and false names—abounds. Techniques have been devised to modify natural sapphires to change their color and remove specific flaws (needle inclusions), such as producing a "Ceylon" sapphire that didn't actually come from Sri Lanka but had a Ceylon-like color. Pay close attention to the newly diffused blue sapphire, which is blue only on the surface. Additionally, beware of the new real doublets that are flooding the market. As always, we advise you to exercise extreme caution when purchasing a bargain, work only with trustworthy jewelers, and have a trained gemologist appraisal confirm the authenticity of your diamond.

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Natural Certified Blue Sapphire (Neelam) Stone


An intriguing translucent stone called alexandrite appears raspberry red in artificial light and grass green in natural light. It is a form of chrysoberyl, hence the name, that was allegedly found in Russia in 1831 on the day Alexander II reached the age of majority. It is regarded as a stone of great good omen in Russia, where the national colors are likewise green and red. It is sometimes referred to as Friday's stone or "Friday's child's stone."

Alexandrite is a relatively new gem discovery compared to other gemstones, which humanity has been aware of and admired for thousands of years. But it has undeniably grown into itself and now commands high costs in addition to strong attraction. It used to be rather abundant in small proportions but has recently become more uncommon in sizes of two carats or above. Be wary of a fake if you notice an alexandrite that is wider than half an inch. Although most alexandrite is cut in a faceted fashion, certain cat's eye type alexandrite from Brazil is sometimes cut as a cabochon to show off the eye effect. The largest one that has been observed was about three carats, and these are often rather modest.

There was really no excellent synthetic alexandrite available until 1973. Although several forms of synthetic spinel and corundum were widely sold as alexandrite, they actually weren't alexandrite and were difficult to tell apart because so few customers had ever seen genuine stones. The good news is that a gemologist can easily identify them. A very good synthetic alexandrite that is difficult to distinguish from genuine stones was created in 1973. While a skilled gemologist can now recognize synthetic gemstones, when they first hit the market, many of them were mistaken for real ones. You should take extra care to confirm the validity of your alexandrite because it can have been falsely identified years ago and given to you as genuine.

Check Out the Original Alexandrite Stone Price

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