Understanding Kidney Stones:-
Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis, are hard mineral and salt deposits that form inside the kidneys. These stones can develop due to various factors, including diet, excess body weight, certain medical conditions, and the use of supplements or medications. When urine becomes concentrated, minerals can crystallize and stick together, leading to the formation of Symptoms and Causes kidney stones that can affect different parts of the urinary tract, including the kidneys and bladder.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones:-
The symptoms of kidney stones typically become noticeable once the stone starts moving inside the kidney or passes through the ureters, the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. Some common signs and symptoms of kidney stones include:
A kidney stone usually will not cause symptoms until it moves around within the kidney or passes into one of the ureters. The ureters are the tubes that connect the kidneys and bladder.
If a kidney stone becomes lodged in the ureters, it may block the flow of urine and cause the kidney to swell and the ureter to spasm, which can be very painful.
At that point, you may experience these symptoms:
- Severe, sharp pain in the side and back, below the ribs
- Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin
- Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
- Burning Pain sensation while urinating
Other signs and symptoms may include:
- Pink, red or brown urine
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
- A persistent need to urinate, urinating more often than usual or urinating in small amounts
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills if an infection is present
Pain caused by a kidney stone may change — for instance, shifting to a different location or increasing in intensity — as the stone moves through your urinary tract.
Main Causes of Kidney Stones:
The composition of kidney stones can vary depending on their underlying causes. The primary building blocks of kidney stones are substances present in the urine. When these substances are not adequately flushed out of the body due to low urine volume, they can crystallize and form stones. The main components of kidney stones include:
3. Cystine (rare)
4. Xanthine (rare)
5. Uric Acid
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Common Risk Factors:-
Several factors can increase the risk of developing kidney stones. These include:
A diet high in sodium, protein, and sugar may increase the risk of certain types of kidney stones.
2. Overweight or Obesity:-
Being overweight or obese can elevate the risk of both initial and recurrent kidney stones.
Inadequate water intake can lead to concentrated urine and promote the formation of kidney stones.
4. Digestive Tract Issues:-
Certain digestive conditions and gastric bypass surgery can interfere with calcium and electrolyte absorption, contributing to stone formation.
5. Metabolic Disorders:-
Conditions like renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria, and hyperparathyroidism can raise the risk of kidney stones.
6. Urinary Tract Infections:-
Chronic urinary tract infections can lead to the development of larger kidney stones known as infection stones or struvite stones.
Also Read:- Kidney Stone in Adults
When to Seek Medical Attention:-
If you experience symptoms such as severe pain, discomfort, abnormal urine colour, or any signs of infection, then you should consult the Best Urologist In Jaipur. Dr Sandeep Nunia is the most reputed Urology doctor in Jaipur and has years of work experience and is the best Urologist in Jaipur for treating ailments such as Laparoscopic treatment, Female Urology, Sexology treatment, Uro Oncology, and Kidney stone treatment.