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Types of Psychotherapy for Mental Illnessesument

Olivia Adams
Types of Psychotherapy for Mental Illnessesument

What is Psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy, also called psychotherapy, is a type of mental health treatment. It is often used alone or with medications to treat mental disorders. During a psychotherapy session, you talk with a doctor or licensed mental health care professional to identify and change troubling thoughts.

Conditions that may improve with psychotherapy include coping with stressful life events, the impact of trauma, a medical illness, or a loss such as the death of a loved one; and specific mental health conditions such as depression or anxiety. There are several different types of psychotherapy and some types may work better in certain clinical situations. Psychoanalysis for depression can be used in combination with medications or other therapies.

Does Psychotherapy Work?

Research shows that most people who receive psychotherapy experience relief from symptoms and are better able to function in their lives. About 75 percent of people who enter psychotherapy show some benefit. Psychotherapy has been shown to improve emotional and psychological well-being and is linked to positive changes in the brain and body. Benefits also include fewer sick days, less disability, fewer medical problems, and greater job satisfaction.

Using brain imaging techniques, researchers have been able to see changes in the brain after a person has gone through psychotherapy. Numerous studies have identified brain changes in people with mental illnesses (including depression, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other conditions) as a result of psychotherapy. In most cases, brain changes resulting from psychotherapy were similar to changes resulting from medication.

To help you get the most out of psychotherapy, approach therapy as a collaborative effort, be open and honest, and follow the agreed-upon treatment plan. Continue with any tasks between sessions, such as journaling or practicing what you've talked about.

Types of Psychotherapy

There are several approaches that mental health professionals can take to providing therapy. After talking with you about your disorder, your therapist will decide which approach to use.

Different Approaches to Therapy Include:

Psychodynamic Therapy: Psychodynamic therapy is based on the assumption that you have emotional problems due to unresolved, usually unconscious, conflicts that often arise from childhood. The goal of this type of therapy is for you to better understand and manage these feelings by talking about the experiences. Psychodynamic therapy is performed over a period of at least several months, although it can last longer, even years.

Interpersonal Therapy: Interpersonal therapy focuses on the behaviors and interactions you have with family and friends. The goal of this therapy is to improve your communication skills and increase your self-esteem for a short period of time. It usually lasts 3 to 4 months and works well for depression caused by grief, relationship conflicts, major life events, and social isolation.

Psychodynamic and interpersonal therapies help you resolve mental illnesses caused by:

  • Loss or pain
  • Relationship conflicts
  • Role transitions, such as becoming a parent or caregiver

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Cognitive behavioral therapy helps people with mental illness identify and change inaccurate perceptions they may have of themselves and the world around them. The therapist helps you establish new ways of thinking by directing attention to both the "incorrect" and "correct" assumptions you make about yourself and others.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy: Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy used for high-risk and difficult-to-treat patients. The term "dialectic" comes from the idea that combining two opposites in therapy (acceptance and change) produces better results than either of them alone. DBT helps you change unhealthy behaviors, such as lying and self-harm, through journaling, individual and group therapy, and telephone counseling.

DBT was initially designed to treat people with suicidal behavior and borderline personality disorder. But it has been adapted for other mental health problems that threaten a person's safety, relationships, work, and emotional well-being.

Supportive Therapy: Your therapist will teach you how to learn to control your anxiety and unhelpful thoughts on your own. This approach helps boost your self-esteem.

Alternative and complementary forms of therapy can also help. You can use them in combination with regular psychotherapy.

Animal assisted therapy. Dogs, horses, and other animals can help relieve anxiety, depression, and provide comfort.

Art and music therapy. This may allow you to express and process your pain and other feelings.

Benefits of Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy helps people with a mental disorder:

  • Understand the behaviors, emotions and ideas that contribute to your illness and learn to modify them.
  • Understand and identify the problems or life events (such as a serious illness, death in the family, job loss, or divorce) that contribute to their illness and help them understand what aspects of those problems they may be able to solve. to resolve or improve
  • Regain a sense of control and pleasure in life.
  • Learn healthy coping techniques and problem-solving skills.

Finding and Choosing a Psychotherapist

Psychotherapy can be provided by different types of professionals, including psychiatrists, psychologists, licensed social workers, licensed marriage and family therapists, and others with specialized training in psychotherapy.

Psychiatrists are also trained doctors and can prescribe medications and help rule out any underlying medical conditions (or medications) that may be causing the condition. For example, untreated thyroid conditions or the use of certain medications can cause depressive symptoms.

It is important to find a psychiatrist or other therapist with whom a person can work well. Referral sources include primary care physicians, local psychiatric societies, medical schools, community health centers, workplace employee assistance programs (EAPs), and online resources.


In conclusion, the types of mental health therapy mentioned above are among many that can help you overcome mental health problems, no matter how big or small.

To find out which therapies will work best for you, seek advice. Start with an assessment and, with your help, create a plan to improve your symptoms. If you are interested in learning more about the benefits of mental health therapy, contact the telehealth for mental health Center today to schedule an evaluation.

Olivia Adams
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