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Typical Window Types Used by Builders

Vikas Mistry
Typical Window Types Used by Builders

Any structure must have windows. They allow natural light to pass through while also providing ventilation. Builders utilize a variety of window types for a variety of purposes. Some are simple to open, while others are wide and offer a great view of the outside. There are a few others that allow for improved ventilation. Different window types may change the appearance of a structure, so learning about some of the most prevalent designs can help you communicate with your builder and ensure that they pick a type that you want.


Awnings are typically used with big picture windows on the picture's side, bottom, or top. They aid in the maintenance of proper ventilation. These can also be added to the top of a door. They always open outward; thus, they shouldn't be placed in high-traffic areas where they might block the path.


These open outwards, but they are attached to the frame by side hinges. And feature wide glass panes, allowing natural light to penetrate the space easily. When casements are opened, they usually provide excellent ventilation. On the other side, if you close these tightly, your air conditioner will perform more efficiently in the heat.

Picture Windows

Some structures, such as offices in high-rise buildings, may not require much ventilation or airflow. Picture windows are used in such homes to enable natural light to enter the space while also providing panoramic and clear views. It's important to note that picture windows have a vast expanse of glass, making them more susceptible to heat loss or gain.

Bay Windows

Bays comprises multiple angled window panels that project outward (beyond the house walls). Bays, commonly seen in kitchens, may afford extensive peripheral vistas that flat windows cannot.

The angled side windows may usually be opened, providing plenty of air.

Single Hung

Single Hung, often vertical sliders, are commonly used in smaller spaces like bedrooms and baths. The term "single" hung refers to just the bottom sash of a window instead of double-hung, which has both sashes open.

Single-hung windows are less costly than their double-hung counterparts.

Double Hung

When closed, double-hung have a similar look to single-hung. "Double" hanging, on the other hand, signifies that both sashes may be opened. A double-hung, for obvious reasons, can provide greater ventilation than a single-hung of the same size.

Sliding versions of double-hung are also available (although both sashes on a sliding model cannot be opened simultaneously).

Because the top window may be opened while the bottom window stays locked, double-hung may be safer (than single-hung) for individuals with young children or pets in particular scenarios.

Horizontal Sliders

Horizontal Sliders are perhaps more popular than any other form due to their versatility and low cost. Horizontal sliders are often larger than single or double-hung that open vertically.

Horizontal Sliders come in single-slider and double-slider configurations.

Unlike certain casements or awnings, cleaning the outside of a horizontal sliding window from the inside is typically simple. On the other hand, they are generally thought to be less energy efficient than hinged windows, and their sliding channel may occasionally acquire dirt/grime.

Vertically Opening Windows

There are two types of vertically opening windows-the sashes of double-hung glide up and down. The window may be opened from either the top or the bottom. Single-hung is identical to double-hung, except only the bottom half may be moved up and down. The upper portion is fixed. Because of its simplicity and adaptability, vertically opening sliding windows are trendy.


Arched have rounded tops that add an architectural design to any home. The average cost for arched installation is around $325 to $500 per window.

Most arched do not open or close and are often installed above standard windows that provide ventilation. Some can open the same way a casement does. They can also be installed in multi-arch structures with square or rectangle window panes on the side and arched curved on the top.


The bow is made up of bespoke curved windows that form a circular space around the outside of the house, giving you a better view of your front or backyard. The difficulty of installing a curved bow can often be more expensive than an entire bay, depending on the number of window panels you wish to employ. The cost of installing a huge bow window ranges from $1,400 to $3800.

Bow, also known as the compass, has four to six windows and gives your home a Victorian appearance. These windows can be made up of fixed windows in the center and ventilation on the ends.

These are some of the most typical windows used by home builders. However, it is crucial to remember that these are not the only options available. If you prefer a different design style, talk to your builder about it so that your home has a design that you like.

Vikas Mistry
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