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Which language is best for back-end development: Node JS Vs Python?

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Mahesh Sharma
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Backend Application Development

Usually, software developers develop both the front and back end to create an application. The front end is the work of developing the web application using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, where the users can interact with the web application. As the name indicates, front-end developers define the application's look and feel, unlike its structure, color, and contents.

The backend is called a data access layer, which works based on a server-side application. Backend developers usually help the application to host it. Some of the backend languages include Python, Java, and SQL. Usually, the work of the backend developers is invisible where they can maintain the server connected with the database has a which stores the data.

Which language is best for back-end development: Node JS Vs Python

What is Node JS?

Node.js is used for both front-end and back-end development. It is open-source and runs on a V8 machine using JavaScript code built on Google Chrome. It was developed by Ryan Dahi. It is used to build web servers. Learning Node.js is simpler and easier. The real-time applications are built quickly and can run on any operating system, such as Windows or Linux. It is a framework that has faster code library execution.

What is Python?

Python was developed by Guido van Rossum. It is one of the high-level programming languages. Developers widely use Python as its syntax is simpler, and programmers can quickly develop the concept using lesser code. The code in Python is based on C. Its default implementation is using the C language.

Languages Used for Backend Development

Some of the familiar languages used for backend development are,

  • Ruby
  • Golang
  • Java
  • C #
  • Php
  • Python
  • JavaScript

Skills required for backend development

  • Well versed in a backend programming language
  • Communication and problem-solving skills
  • Familiar with algorithms, data structure, and popular framework
  • The concept of API, Database, and Server should be known

Advantages of Using Python

The syntax is simpler and is similar to the English language.

  • It is an open-source and portable language
  • It provides wide library support to the users.
  • Many developers choose python for machine learning purposes
  • There is an availability of online tutorials, and courses that help to learn effectively.
  • Python community which makes the language a powerful one.
  • The user-friendly language is easy to learn, read and write.
  • Python has fewer lines of code

The two familiar tools used in Python are Django and Flask

Advantages of Node JS

  • It is faster in performance and reliability for both client-side and server-side application
  • It crosses a billion downloads due to its vast usage and millions of websites using this technology
  • The familiar companies which use Node.js are Amazon, Netflix, and PayPal.
  • Some of the applications of node.js are Yahoo, PayPal, Mozilla, Go Daddy, and Uber.
  • Using Node.js one can create real-time applications, real-time chat, Microservice Architecture
  • Highly scalable for web applications
  • It is a multipurpose language where it can be used for both front-end and back-end development. It is easy to learn node.js, for those who are familiar with JavaScript.

                            


Some of the tools used in Node.js include,

Express. js- It is used for creating web and mobile application

Meteor- It is a framework used in IOS, Android, and web

Koa. js- Used for creating Application Program Interface which is smaller and reduces the error. It is called a next-generation framework.

Electrode. js- It was created by Walmart.React.js and Node.js is a popular tool used in this.

Babel-It uses JavaScript's latest version, it transforms the syntax easily and uses less code.

Broccoli- It is based on the ES6 module

Web pack- It simplifies and makes the application deployment easy.

 

Applications developed using Python

Some of the applications developed using Python are given below:

  • Google
  • Uber
  • Netflix
  • Dropbox
  • Instacart
  • Spotify

Applications developed using Node.js

Some of the applications developed using Node.js are as follows:

  • PayPal
  • Go, Daddy
  • Mozilla
  • eBay
  • Yahoo

Usually, the node.js application works much faster than Python. The performance and speed of node.js are greater than Python. Node.js is popular for the past four years and competes still now.

Summary

Usually, Node.js uses JavaScript as an interpreter, while Python uses C and Python as an interpreter. If a person is a novice in Programming, it is better to choose Python. Because one who knows JavaScript is easy to learn Node.js. The salary of a Python developer is a little higher than a Node JS developer, and learning Python is easier compared to JavaScript. Choosing the backend application programming language is based on an individual's choice.

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