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Common Treatments for Joint Pain in Rheumatology

Yue Leong
Common Treatments for Joint Pain in Rheumatology

Joint pain is a prevalent issue that can significantly impact an individual's quality of life by limiting mobility and causing chronic discomfort. Understanding the various treatment options available is crucial for managing this condition effectively. At the Asia Arthritis & Rheumatology Centre, Dr. Annie Law, a senior rheumatologist with a deep commitment to providing patient-oriented care, leads the treatment of various joint pain causes, including arthritis and lupus. The Centre is located at 3 Mount Elizabeth, #05-03 Medical Centre, Singapore 228510. For more detailed information or to schedule an appointment, visit https://aarc.sg/condition/joint-pain/ or call 8030 7862.

Understanding Joint Pain

Joint pain can stem from various conditions, with arthritis being one of the most common. Arthritis itself includes several types, such as osteoarthritis (OA), which is due to wear and tear of the joint, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune disease where the body's immune system attacks its own tissues, including joints.

Causes of Joint Pain:

  • Arthritis: Both OA and RA lead to inflammation, swelling, and pain in the joints.
  • Injuries: Sprains, strains, and fractures can also result in joint pain.
  • Overuse: Repetitive motion or excessive use can lead to joint pain over time.
  • Other Conditions: Autoimmune diseases, infections, and conditions like gout and fibromyalgia.

Treatment Options


  • Pain Relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen, are commonly used to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): These can help manage pain and decrease inflammation in conditions like arthritis.
  • Corticosteroids: Administered either orally or as injections, corticosteroids can significantly reduce inflammation.
  • Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs): These are used primarily in rheumatoid arthritis to slow the disease's progression and protect the joints from further damage.
  • Biologics: Targeted therapy used in autoimmune types of arthritis to target specific parts of the immune system that are involved in inflammation.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is an integral part of treating joint pain. It helps strengthen the muscles around the joints, increases flexibility, and can reduce the burden on the joints. Specific exercises tailored to the patient's condition can be highly effective in managing pain and improving function.

Lifestyle Modifications

  • Exercise: Regular, moderate exercise improves joint function and can help relieve stiffness.
  • Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight reduces the stress on weight-bearing joints, lessening pain.
  • Diet: Eating a balanced diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods can help manage inflammation naturally.

Alternative Therapies

  • Acupuncture: This traditional Chinese medicine technique has been shown to relieve some types of pain, including that caused by osteoarthritis.
  • Massage Therapy: Helps reduce muscle tension and pain, improving overall joint mobility.

Surgical Options

In cases where joint pain is severe and not responsive to other treatments, surgical interventions such as joint repair, joint replacement, or arthroscopy might be considered. These procedures can relieve pain and restore function to the affected joints.

Consultation with Dr. Annie Law

When experiencing joint pain, consulting with a rheumatologist like Dr. Annie Law can provide insights into the most effective treatment strategies tailored to your specific condition. Early diagnosis and treatment initiation can prevent further joint damage and improve long-term outcomes.

Dr. Annie Law and her team at the Asia Arthritis & Rheumatology Centre are dedicated to helping patients manage their joint pain through a comprehensive approach that includes advanced diagnostic and treatment options, supported by her extensive research and clinical expertise in rheumatology. If you're dealing with persistent joint pain, consider reaching out to the Centre for specialized care.

Yue Leong
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